The Roman Columned Street

The Roman Columned Street (HM294O)

Location: , Manisa 45200 Akhisar
Country: Turkey
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N 38° 55.205', E 27° 50.189'

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Inscription

Sütunlu Roma Caddesi

English Text:

In the excavations carried out in the east of the area called the "Tepe Mezarligi" (Hill Cemetery) within the range of the ancient city of Thyateira, a typical Roman street with columns was unearthed which lies in the north-south direction and which is dated between the 2nd and 4th centuries A.D. The drillings have exposed that the street runs northward from the "Tepe Mezarligi" (Hill Cemetery), towards the Hospital Mound. The uncovered section of this street is 9.83 meters in width: yet the exact width of the street cannot be determined conclusively since the eastern part remains under today's modern street. The distichous stylobate blocks of the colonnade are placed on a foundation made of rubble stones with a mixture of sand and lime. The bases found in-situ in the porch and the street with columns in the "Tepe Mezarligi" (Hill Cemetery) are dated back to the 2nd century A.D., whereas most of the coins unearthed in the fire layer belong to the 4th century A.D. and some to the period of Arcadius (395-408 A.D.).

An inscription found in the Medar village located approximately 6 kilometers northwest of Akhisar mentions a "Hekatontastylon," namely a structure with one hundred columns (TAM V, 2, 991). This inscription, which was uncovered in 1886 by Fontrier and published the same year, was inscribed



on the pedestal of the sculpture of Marcus, son of Menandros, who was the building contractor of the aqueduct over the Lykos river and the Emperor's House (basilica or some other building) which belonged to (was built by?) the Eroses and the Senate. Considerable evidence is required to determine the relationship between Hekatontastylon and the "Tepe Mezarligi" (Hill Cemetery). Nevertheless, this inscription is highly important in terms of appointing some of the structures in Thyateira as well as the public history and some notable personas of the city.
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Turkish Text:

Thyateira (Thyatira) antik kentinin yayılım sahasındaki "Tepe Mezarlığı" (Tepe Mezarlık) olarak adlandırılan alanının doğusunda yapılan kazılarda M.S. 2 ila 4. yüzyıllar arasında tarihlenen, kuzey-güney doğrultulu sütunlu tipik bir Roma caddesi açığa çıkarılmıştır. Caddenin, Tepe Mezarlığından kuzeye, Hastane Höyüğü'ne doğru uzandığı açılan sondajlarla tespit edilmiştir. Bu caddenin açığa çıkarılan kısmı 9,83 m. genişliğinde olsa da doğu kesimi günümüzdeki modern yolun altında kaldığı için genişliği tam olarak saptanamamaktadır. Caddede kolonadın



iki sıradan meydana gelen stylobat blokları kum ve kireç harçlı moloz taşından yapılmış bir temel üzerine yerleştirilmiştir. Tepe Mezarlığı'ndaki sütunlu yol ve portikoda in-situ vaziyette bulunan sütun altlıkları ve başlıkları M.S. ll.yy'a tarihlenmekle beraber, yangın tabakası içinde bulunan sikkelerin çoğu M.S. IV.yy'a, bazıları ise Arkadius (M.S. 395-408) devrine aittir. Akhisar'ın yaklaşık 6 km. kuzeybatısındaki Medar köyünde bulunan bir yazıtta, "Hekatontastylon", yani 100 sütunlu bir yapıdan söz edilmektedir (TAM V, 2, 991). 1886 yılında Fontrier tarafından bulunan ve aynı yıl yayınlanan bu yazıt, "... Hekatontastylon'daki Eros'ların ve Yaşlılar Meclisi'nin (yaptırdığı ?) imparator Evi'nin (basilika ya da başka bir yapı) ve Lykos (Çürüksu) nehri üzerindeki su kemerinin müteahhitliğini yürüten" Menandros oğlu Marcus adındaki bir kişinin heykel kaidesi üzerinde yer almaktaydı. Hekatontastylon ile Tepe Mezarlığı arasındaki ilişkiyi saptamak için çok fazla kanıta ihtiyaç vardır. Buna karşın bu yazıt, Thyateira'daki kimi yapıların, kentin bayındırlık tarihinin



ve bazı önemli kişilerin saptanması açısından oldukça önemlidir.
Details
HM NumberHM294O
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, July 6th, 2018 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)26S E 427485 N 4308240
Decimal Degrees38.92008333, 27.83648333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 55.205', E 27° 50.189'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 55' 12.3000" N, 27° 50' 11.3400" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 21 Şht. Polis Cemal Ilgaz Cd., Manisa 45200, TR
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