Round Rock

Round Rock (HM28QQ)

Location: Round Rock, TX 78664 Williamson County
Country: United States of America

N 30° 30.534', W 97° 40.643'

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Inscription
Permanent settlement began in this area in the late 1830s. By 1848, former Austin Mayor Jacob Harrell moved here, selling town lots near the Stagecoach Road crossing at Brushy Creek. A post office named "Brushy Creek" opened in 1851 in Thomas Oatts' store. Three years later, the name changed to "Round Rock" for a distinctive limestone formation marking a natural ford for wagons. With immigration from several states and Sweden, the population doubled during the 1850s, bringing new stores, churches, fraternal lodges and grain mills. The first institution of higher learning, Round Rock Academy, began in 1862. After the Civil War, the former trail and stage road became a prominent cattle drive route.

In 1876, the International-Great Northern Railroad developed a new townsite east of the existing Round Rock. A commercial district sprang up along Georgetown Avenue (Main Street) with construction of many limestone buildings. "New Town" quickly eclipsed the established settlement, whose postal name changed again to "Old Round Rock." For months, the new site was the railroad terminus, bringing lumber and flour mills, cotton gins, blacksmith and wagon shops, banks, hotels, restaurants, stores and schools. Round Rock challenged the state capital for economic control of central Texas, boasting



six hotels to Austin's five and serving as the retail hub for several counties to the west. The railroad also made Round Rock a more cosmopolitan place, bringing new residents from all over the U.S. And all around the world. Well-positioned for growth by its location on major transportation routes, Round Rock became one of the nation's fastest-growing cities by the late 20th century. Two dozen commercial buildings in Round Rock's historic downtown were listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
Details
HM NumberHM28QQ
Tags
Year Placed2009
Placed ByTexas Historical Commmission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, June 24th, 2018 at 10:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 626912 N 3375921
Decimal Degrees30.50890000, -97.67738333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 30.534', W 97° 40.643'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 30' 32.04" N, 97° 40' 38.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)512
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 201 E Main St, Round Rock TX 78664, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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