Plaza de Armas

Plaza de Armas (HM283Z)

Location: San Antonio, TX 78205 Bexar County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 25.47', W 98° 29.691'

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(Military Plaza)

One of oldest permanently settled locales in Texas, this area was first explored by Spaniards in 1691. The Presidio (Fort) of Bexar was relocated here in 1772 and for many years, Plaza was enclosed on three sides by adobe fortifications.
During Mexican rebellion of 1813, captured rebels were placed in Comandancia (now old Governer's Palace) and later executed on Plaza. Many lynchings also occurred at a great oak here.

Military importance of Plaza declined in Republic of Texas Era (1836-45) but place came to be one of the liveliest spots in Texas. A busy market, it teemed with noisy vendors of vegetables, fresh eggs, chili peppers, and live chickens. Oxcarts and wagons stood bulging with hay, hides, and wood. Strolling guitarists, tourists, and girls selling songbirds mingled with pickpockets and other characters. Frequently cock fights were held.

After the 1850s, the Plaza was dominated by a stone courthouse (nicknamed the "Bat Cave"). In the 1880s and later, leading merchants here were the "Chili Queens", who dispensed pungent Mexican food at open air stands.

The present City Hall was completed in 1892, and the old market was moved several blocks west. Although no longer a military or commercial center, ancient plaza remains the municipal heart of San Antonio.
HM NumberHM283Z
Year Placed1971
Placed ByTexas State Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, June 4th, 2018 at 10:03am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 548999 N 3255124
Decimal Degrees29.42450000, -98.49485000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 25.47', W 98° 29.691'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 25' 28.2" N, 98° 29' 41.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)210
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 133-163 Military Plaza, San Antonio TX 78205, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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