Cotton Gins of Calhoun County

Cotton Gins of Calhoun County (HM27N3)

Location: Port Lavaca, TX 77979 Calhoun County
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Country: United States of America
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N 28° 32.576', W 96° 45.732'

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Inscription
After Texas was annexed into the United States in 1846, part of what was once De Leon's Colony was organized as Calhoun County, giving the county access to valuable cropland and bays—the most important being modern-day Matagorda Bay.
Indian Point, later named Indianola, serviced the area as a Port of Entry for many of the German immigrants who came by ship in the mid-nineteenth century, until it was destroyed by a hurricane in 1875.

The area was not part of the plantation-based culture of the mid-1800s.
Cotton was not a major crop until the late 1880s when the Michot brothers, Eugene and Jules, built a cotton Gin three miles south of present-day Long Mott. Jules ran a gin as early as 1895 in Port Lavaca along present West Main Street. Calhoun County's early gins utilized the continuous "System Ginning" developed by Robert S. Munger. In this system, the cotton was vacuumed from a loaded wagon, cleaned, and pressed into 500 pound bales. This system would endure until post-WWII mechanization allowed farmers to greatly increase their cotton yield.

The 1940s, 50s, and 60s saw a dramatic increase in cotton production. Calhoun County had reported five bales in 1860 and 10,500 in 1940. In the 1950s, the Town's two existing gins, the Farmers and the Boyd, were moved outside the city. However, by



the early 1970s, like most of the Rural South, rising production costs coupled with decreasing cotton prices caused a dramatic decline in Calhoun County's cotton economy. The gins of Calhoun County served as a key piece of the County's economic infrastructure. The also served as community centers for local Farmers.
Marker is Property of the State of Texas
Details
HM NumberHM27N3
Tags
Year Placed2016
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, May 21st, 2018 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 718943 N 3159391
Decimal Degrees28.54293333, -96.76220000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 28° 32.576', W 96° 45.732'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds28° 32' 34.56" N, 96° 45' 43.92" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)361
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10211 TX-35, Port Lavaca TX 77979, US
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