Miguel Higaldo's Edict Against Slavery

Miguel Higaldo's Edict Against Slavery (HM27FG)

Location: Guadalajara, Jalisco 44100 Guadalajara
Country: Mexico

N 20° 40.639', W 103° 20.749'

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Inscription
D. Miguel Hidalgo y CostillaGeneralisimo de America

Desde el feliz momento en que la valerosa nacion americana tomo las armas para sacudir el pesado yugo
que por espacio de cerca de tres siglos la tenia oprimida uno de sus principales objetos fue extinguir tantas gabelas
con que no podia adelantar su fortuna, mas como en las criticas circunstancias del dia no se puedan dictar las
providencias adecuadas a aquel fin por la necesidad de reales que tiene el reino para los costos de la guerra se atienda por ahora a poner el remedio en lo mas urgente para las declaraciones siguientes:
1o Que los duenos de los esclavos deberan darles libertad dentro del termino de diez dias so-pena de muerte la que se les aplicara por trasgresion de este articulo.
2o Que cese para lo sucesivo la contribucion de tributos, respecto de las castas que lo pagaban y toda exaccion que a los indios se les exija.
3o Que en todos los negocios judiciales, documentos, escritos y actuaciones se haga uso del papel comun
quedando abolido el del sellado. "Que todo aquel que tenga instruccion en el beneficio de la polvora, pueda labrarla sin mas pension que la de preferir al gobierno en las ventas para el uso de sus ejercitos quedando igualmente libres todos los simples



de que se compone y para que llegue a noticia de todos y tenga su debido cumplimiento, mando se publique por bando en esta capital y demas ciudades, villas y lugares conquistados, remitiendose el competente numero de ejemplares a los tribunales, jueces y demas personas a quien corresponda su inteligencia y observancia.
Dado en la Ciudad de Guadalajaraa 6 de diciembre de 1810Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Generalisimo de Americapor mandato de S.A. Lic. Ignacio Rayon, Secretario


English translation:
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla America's General

From the happy moment when the brave American nation took up arms to shake off the heavy yoke that had oppressed her for almost three centuries, one of its main objectives was to extinguish so many taxes with which she could not advance her fortune, but as the critical circumstances of the day do not allow to be dictated adequate measures to that end as the kingdom has a real need due to the costs of the war, the following remedies are applied most urgently with the following statements:
1o That the owners of slaves must give them liberty within the term of ten days or face the death penalty, which will be applied to them for transgression of this article.
2o That the payment of tributes due to caste cease now and into the future and also any tributes that the Indians are required to pay also stop.
3o That in all judicial business, documents, writings and actions, that common paper be used and the use of seals be abolished. "That everyone who has instruction in the making of gunpowder, can now freely work with no other restrictions than that preference be given to the government in sales for the use of their armies, remaining equally free the making of all components of which it is comprised. So that this news arrives to all and has its due fulfillment, this command is published in this capital and in other cities, towns and conquered places, forwarding the competent number of copies to the courts, judges and other people corresponding to their intelligence and observance.
Given in the City of Guadalajara December 6, 1810Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the Most High General of America by mandate of Ignacio Rayon, Secretary
Details
HM NumberHM27FG
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, May 7th, 2018 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13Q E 672302 N 2287314
Decimal Degrees20.67731667, -103.34581667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 20° 40.639', W 103° 20.749'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds20° 40' 38.34" N, 103° 20' 44.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 230 Av. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Guadalajara Jalisco 44100, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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