Applegate Trail - Oakland

Applegate Trail - Oakland (HM277O)

Location: Oakland, OR 97462 Douglas County
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Country: United States of America
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N 43° 25.283', W 123° 17.948'

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Southern Route to Oregon

In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous "last leg" of the Oregon Trail down the treacherous Columbia River.

The first emigrants to trek the new "Southern Road" left with the trailblazers from Fort Hall in early August 1846. With Levi Scott acting as guide, while Jesse Applegate traveled ahead to mark the route, the hardy emigrants blazed a wagon trail through nearly 500 miles of wilderness arriving in the upper Willamette Valley in November. Emigrant travel continued along the Applegate Trail in later years and contributed greatly to the settlement of southern Oregon and the Willamette Valley.

A Town is Born

Applegate Trail emigrants found the descent of Canyon Creek the most difficult in their travels. Weakened by sickness and hunger, and beset by the loss of livestock, some spent the winter of 1846-47 in this valley. Rev. Joseph A. Cornwall, unwilling to abandon his library, erected the first cabin, about a mile to the north, where he and his family waited for better weather and health before moving on. In 1851 Dr. Dorsey S. Baker established the region's first grist mill and town — Oakland — across Calapooya

Creek from the Cornwalls' cabin. Construction of the Oregon & California Railroad in 1872 caused the relocation and founding of a new town by Alonzo F. Brown.
HM NumberHM277O
Series This marker is part of the series
Placed ByApplegate Trail Coalition
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, April 27th, 2018 at 1:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 475785 N 4807653
Decimal Degrees43.42138333, -123.29913333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 25.283', W 123° 17.948'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 25' 16.98" N, 123° 17' 56.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)541
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 331-347 OR-99, Oakland OR 97462, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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