Atakapan Indians of Orange County

Atakapan Indians of Orange County (HM273L)

Location: Orange, TX 77630 Orange County
Country: United States of America

N 30° 5.461', W 93° 43.859'

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Inscription
The Atakapan Indians, a tribe associated with southeastern U. S. bands, lived in this area for centuries. Studies have suggested their presence covered a large region of southeast Texas. Their name comes from the Choctaw Indians, and means "Man-Eaters". It is believed that Indians encountered by Spanish explorer Cabeza de Vaca in 1528 along the Gulf Coast may have been Atakapans. The first documented contact with the tribe was by French sailor Simars de Bellisle in 1719. Put ashore with four others to collect fresh water, the men were abandoned and de Bellisle, after the deaths of his companions, was made a captive of the Indian tribe for a time. Later contact with the Atakapans included trade with French and Spanish explorers. The tribe was evidently a fairly loose confederacy of small, scattered bands. Archeological evidence suggests they subsisted mainly on small game, fish, and wild plants, and evidently were not farmers. Shell middens found indicated the existence of Atakapan campsites in this vicinity. The tribe disappeared from Texas in the early 19th century, either becoming extinct or integrating into other tribes. Texas Sesquicentennial 1836-1986
Details
HM NumberHM273L
Tags
Year Placed1986
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, April 22nd, 2018 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 429561 N 3329096
Decimal Degrees30.09101667, -93.73098333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 5.461', W 93° 43.859'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 5' 27.66" N, 93° 43' 51.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 301-399 W Front Ave, Orange TX 77630, US
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