Fort de la Presqu'ile

Fort de la Presqu'ile (HM26YK)

Location: Erie, PA 16507 Erie County
Country: United States of America

N 42° 8.316', W 80° 5.468'

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Inscription

Guarding the Portage

A French Frontier Fort
Fort de la Presqu'ile was the first in a proposed line of forts that would guard a route to the Mississippi. The lofty goal for 1753 was to build four ports, Presqu'ile, le Boeuf, Machault, and Duquesne. By the late summer it was clear that only Presqu'ile, le Boeuf, and the portage between them would be completed.

The first French forces left Montreal in February, pulling their supplies over ice and snow. Since a large force could not be supported over winter, most of the men had to return in the fall.

Moving heavy supplies and weapons to Fort le Boeuf proved difficult and slow, the road turned to mud and required bridging with logs (corduroy).

The Marin Expedition
The French embarked on a campaign, led by Paul Marin de la Malgue, to establish a line of forts in strategic locations, aimed at controlling the waterways which led from Lake Erie, by way of a portage to French Creek, into the Allegheny River, the Ohio River, and ultimately to the Mississippi. This fort building became a real provocation to the British.

Bird's Eye View Looking North
The fort consisted of a square stockade with bastions, built of logs laid horizontally and stacked to a height of 12', unlike the usual palisade of vertical logs.

Fort de la



Presqu'ile Timeline


1759
French abandon and burn the forts in the face of the British victories.

1759
Fort Niagara falls to the British, leaving the outlying French forts vulnerable.

1758
Fort Duquesne falls to the British.

1753
Oct
Main contingent departs for Montral

1753
Sep
2&3
Half King Tanacharison, leader of the Ohio Iroquois, demands that the French discontinue building forts.

1753
Aug
Forts Presqu'ile and le Boeuf completed.

1753
Jun
Marin arrives with bulk of the detachment. Finding Presqu'ile well under way, he moves on to begin with le Boeuf.

1753
May
3
Françoís le Mercier arrives and work on Presqu'ile begins in earnest.

1753
May
15
Fort Presqu'ile laid out by advance forces led by Boishebért.

1749
Céleron conducts expedition into the Ohio River Basin.
Details
HM NumberHM26YK
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, April 17th, 2018 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 575106 N 4665564
Decimal Degrees42.13860000, -80.09113333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 8.316', W 80° 5.468'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 8' 18.96" N, 80° 5' 28.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)814
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Dobbins Landing, Erie PA 16507, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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