Natchez Civil Rights and Old D'Evereux Street

Natchez Civil Rights and Old D'Evereux Street (HM26V4)

Location: Natchez, MS 39120 Adams County
Country: United States of America

N 31° 33.507', W 91° 23.745'

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Natchez Trails

The Deacons for Defense and Justice armed themselves in self-defense as a response to the attempted murder of local NAACP president George Metcalfe, whose car was bombed by the Ku Klux Klan in 1965. The first meeting of the Natchez Deacons was filmed by Ed Pincus, who shot a cinema verite documentary Black Natchez, on the Natchez movement.Charles Evers and Paul Jones visit George Metcalfe in the hospital after the bombing.Jet Magazine,I believe in non-violence...On the other hand, I believe that our people should stop getting killed... It's time for us to do something. James Jackson (above), President of Deacons for Defense, Black Natchez, 1965.Civil Rights activist Rev. James Stokes resided at 17 Old D'Evereux Street in the 1960s when he served as spokesman for the Deacons for Defense and Justice. The house was one of several sites where secret meetings were held. In 2011 surviving Deacons Clifford Boxley, Otis Fleming, Richard Lewis, and Rev. James Stokes were recognized at a documentary film presentation on the unsolved murder of activist Wharlest Jackson.The O'Brien House at 17 Old D'Evereux Street was built as the home of Frank O'Brien and Co., brick makers and builders, whose brickyard was located further east on St. Catherine Street. O'Brien died in 1900, but



his widow Jessie lived in the house until her death in 1940. About 1950 African American doctor Herman A. Stephens acquired the house and used it for a small hospital and clinic. Dr. Stephens left Natchez in the late 1950s after he and wife Thelma Stephens separated. She operated a school at 17 Old D'Evereux in the late 1950s and 60s.The O'Brien House at 17 D'Evereux Street is today home to Wharlest Jackson Elks Lodge 1675, named for the Civil Rights activist and Korean War veteran (above) who was murdered in a truck: bombing (below) in 1967. The Ku Klux Klan targeted Jackson because he was treasurer. of the Natchez chapter of the NAACP and because he was promoted to a position at Armstrong Tire and Rubber Company previously held only by whites.The Murder of Wharlest Jackson, a family man with a wife and children, not only enraged African Americans, but it also incensed moderate whites who could no longer deny that vicious, racist terrorists lived among them. A few Natchez moderates ventured forth after the bombing to support the hitherto-lonely peacekeeping efforts of Mayor John Nosser, 67, a Lebanese-born immigrant who has the distinction of having had his house bombed by white racists and his small chain of dry-goods stores boycotted by Negroes. At week's end, Nosser, Police Chief J. T. Robinson and Sheriff Odell Anders appeared at a Negro protest rally



and took part in a tableau the likes of which Mississippi had not seen before. Linking arms with Negro demonstrators, they sang "We Shall Overcome."Time,
Friday, March 10, 1967
Details
HM NumberHM26V4
Series This marker is part of the series
Tags
Placed ByCity of Natchez
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, April 14th, 2018 at 10:04pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 652260 N 3492610
Decimal Degrees31.55845000, -91.39575000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 33.507', W 91° 23.745'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 33' 30.42" N, 91° 23' 44.7" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)601, 769
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 30-38 St Catherine St, Natchez MS 39120, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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