Riverside Addition: World War II Housing in Orange

Riverside Addition: World War II Housing in Orange (HM26SP)

Location: Orange, TX 77630 Orange County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 5.661', W 93° 43.575'

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The second World War catapulted Orange into a period of unparalleled industrial growth. In 1940, as the nation prepared for possible entry into the war, the U.S. Navy Office of Shipbuilding placed orders with three shipyards: Levingston Shipbuilding Company, Consolidated Western Steel Corporation and Weaver Shipyards. Production continued to grow after the U.S. entered the war in 1941. Countless jobs had been lost during the Great Depression, and the potential for steady work brought thousands to Orange. The influx of workers increased the city's population from 7,400 in 1940 to more than 60,000 by the end of the war.

To meet the resulting critical housing shortage, the federal government started the Riverside Addition Housing Project in 1942. Located along the Sabine River, Riverside Addition was within walking distance of the shipyards, thereby complying with fuel and tire rationing demands and maximizing wartime production. The fan-shaped site soon included thousands of "demountable" (prefabricated) duplexes, considered to be temporary. Expanded with an addition in 1943, the vast Riverside housing area had three elementary schools and also spawned local businesses.

At the time, Riverside Addition was the largest federal housing project ever undertaken. After the war, the government sold, moved or demolished

many of the units. The city of Orange never took control of the development due to concerns over inadequate infrastructure. Removal of the last houses took place in the 1980s, and today there are few physical reminders of the project that proved vital to the home front mission during World War II.
HM NumberHM26SP
Year Placed2007
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, April 13th, 2018 at 7:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 430020 N 3329462
Decimal Degrees30.09435000, -93.72625000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 5.661', W 93° 43.575'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 5' 39.66" N, 93° 43' 34.5" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 400 Simmons Dr, Orange TX 77630, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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