Spanish Lake

Spanish Lake (HM26ID)

Location: New Iberia, LA 70560 Iberia Parish
Country: United States of America

N 30° 2.67', W 91° 51.735'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 56 views
Inscription

Old Spanish Trail

Spanish Lake is an example of a bluff lake, which forms in areas between the bayou bank and the higher bank that runs along the edge of a river's drainage area.Spanish Lake, formerly called Lake Flamand and later Lake Tasse (meaning "cup" in French), is believed to have been an oxbow lake of the Mississippi River when it flowed 3,800 to 5,500 years ago through what is now Bayou Teche. Spanish Lake is an example of a bluff lake, a type of lake that forms in areas between the bayou bank and the higher bank that runs along the edge of a river's drainage area. This explains Spanish Lake's unusual shape, with one side straight as if a bluff structure and the other side a curved line (like a former river course).

In historic times, the land surrounding the lake was a vacherie (cattle range). Later, during Spanish rule of Louisiana, a large number of Canary Islanders and immigrants of Spanish descent moved into the area and settled along its shores, giving the lake its current name.

Spanish Lake is 16 feet higher in elevation than the nearby Bayou Teche. In the early 1800s, before the advent of steam-powered mills, the owner of Keystone Plantation used this elevation difference to construct a canal between the two waterways and power a sugarcane grinding mill. This is one of the few known instances of



water power used for this purpose in southern Louisiana. After passage of the River and Harbor Act of 1907, the canal was expanded to increase the amount of water available to rice farmers.

The Mississippi River Flood of 1927 sent water between the Teche ridge on the east and the escarpment (a long steep slope) known as the coteau to the west. Floodwaters flowed into Spanish Lake and then New Iberia, where they met rising water from Bayou Teche and inundated the city. The combination of a year of heavy rains and breaks in early Mississippi River levees contributed to widespread flooding throughout the region. This catastrophic event became one of the most devastating disasters in U.S. history and influenced a dramatic shift in the nation's flood protection policy.

Today Spanish Lake is a favorite local boating and fishing spot. It also offers birdwatching and a walking trail.Visit Atchafalaya.org for more information about this site.

This site's geology/geomorphology: Holocene meander-belt (point bar) deposits of the Bayou Portage occupation of Mississippi River
Details
HM NumberHM26ID
Tags
Placed ByState of Louisiana and National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, April 2nd, 2018 at 7:01am PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 609687 N 3324261
Decimal Degrees30.04450000, -91.86225000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 2.67', W 91° 51.735'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 2' 40.2" N, 91° 51' 44.1" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)337
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 117 Spanish Lake Rd, New Iberia LA 70560, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?