Civil War Defenses of Washington

Civil War Defenses of Washington (HM26BY)

Location: Washington, DC 20011
Country: United States of America

N 38° 57.607', W 77° 0.446'

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Fort Totten

In 1860, the Union capital, Washington, D.C., was a sleepy city of approximately 62,000 residents. The city sat almost completely unprotected, with Fort Washington, the lone fortification, being 12 miles south. Virginia, a Confederate state, lay on one side of the city, and Maryland, a slave-owning state, was on the other leaving Washington dangerously vulnerable. Realizing the potential danger the city faced, the Union army constructed additional fortifications for the city. By 1865, the Defenses of Washington included 68 forts, supported by 93 detached batteries for field guns, 20 miles of rifle pits and, wooden blockhouses at three key points, 32 miles of military roads, several stockade bridgeheads, and four picket stations. Along the circumference of the 37-mile circle of fortifications were emplacements for a total of 1501 field and siege guns of which 807 guns and 98 mortars were in place. The defenseless city of 1860 had become one of the most heavily fortified cities of the world.

The National Park Service maintains official trails and sites around the perimeter of the park to reduce environmental impacts and provide a safe and enjoyable experience for park visitors. For more information on these trails, visit:

http://www.nps.gov/cwdw/planyourvisit/brochures.htm
Details
HM NumberHM26BY
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, March 27th, 2018 at 4:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 326067 N 4314267
Decimal Degrees38.96011667, -77.00743333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 57.607', W 77° 0.446'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 57' 36.42" N, 77° 0' 26.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5801-5945 South Dakota Ave NE, Washington DC 20011, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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