The Ex-Convent of Saint Augustine

The Ex-Convent of Saint Augustine (HM267X)

Location: Salamanca, Guanajuato 36700 Salamanca
Country: Mexico
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N 20° 34.126', W 101° 11.965'

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Inscription
Ex Convento de San Augustín
Este recinto conventual es fundado el 26 de Mayo en 1615, por el P. Fray Juan de San Nicolás, fue construido casi a lo largo de siglo y medio de 1642 a 1782, por lo que sus estilos arquitectónicos entre los que predomina el barroco, son una excelente muestra de las tendencias artísticas de los siglos XII y XVIII. Primeramente se construyó el Claustro Menor, de estilo herreriano de la época renacentista española, de 1642 a 1700 y de 1750 a 1761 el Claustro Mayor, con sus hermosos arcos y pilares de estilo barroco, de influencia queretana.El convento fue sede de la Provincia Religiosa Agustiniana de San Nicolás de Tolentino de Michoacán desde el último tercio del siglo XVIII al año de 1860, que abarcaba los actuales estados de Michoacán, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Jalisco, Zacatecas, Durango y San Luís Potosí. El Claustro Menor se proyectó para un convento de clausura de frailes varones, en el caso del Claustro Mayor, para fundarse una futura Universidad, es decir, un edificio majestuoso que sirvió posteriormente en Casa Capitular en la que se celebraban los capítulos provinciales, con los cuales se reunían cada cuatro años para elegir a las autoridades de la provincia entre ellas el Padre Provincial. Desde un principio, el Claustro Mayor fue concebido para poder



albergar una Real y Pontificia Universidad dirigida por los propios agustinos, a semejanza de la famosa Universidad Medieval Pontificia de Salamanca, España, pero desafortunadamente el proyecto no se logró por la gran cercanía a la Universidad Franciscana de Celaya. Durante la lucha por la Independencia de México, siguió bajo el dominio de los frailes agustinos, sin embargo, tras la Guerra de la Reforma, en convento fue cerrado y exclaustrados los agustinos en 1860 para funcionar como Penitenciaria del Estado de 1867 a 1915, cuartel militar en tiempos de la Revolución, Escuela Central de Artes y Oficios de 1921 a 1925, todo ello en ambos claustros, y escuela primaria Francisco I. Madero de 1929 a 1973 en el Claustro Menor y oficinas administrativas del Sindicato Petrolero de la Secc. 24 de 1944 a 1963 en el Claustro Mayor. Desafortunadamente, a finales del siglo XX el edificio comenzó a deteriorarse. Fue en ese entonces que los habitantes de Salamanca, organizados como sociedad civil por Adopte una Obra de Arte, dependiendo del Consejo Nacional Adopte una Obra de Arte de la Cd. De México se avocaron a apoyar la restauración total del Claustro Mayor, la cual comenzó en 1999 y concluyó en el 2002. En 1984 el Claustro Menor comenzó a funcionar como Casa de Cultura Salamanca y fue restaurado del 2007 al 2011, y en el Claustro Mayor se fundó en 2002 una importante institución



cultural regional. El Centro de las Artes de Guanajuato, dependiente del Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes y del Instituto de Cultura del Estado, para realizar labores de difusión, enseñanza e investigación en disciplinas artísticas como danza, artes plásticas, fotografía, teatro, cine, etc., además de albergar una biblioteca especializada en artes y varios espacios de extensión cultural, abiertos a artistas nacionales y extranjeros. Todo ese conjunto conventual logró su restauración total devolviéndole ese gran esplendor y belleza artística y espiritual que tuvo en sus orígenes, quedando para México y el mundo como patrimonio cultural.
English:
The Ex-Convent of Saint Augustine(Ex-Convento de San Augustín)
This monastery was founded on May 26, 1615 by the priest Fray Juan de San Nicolas. It was built for almost a century and a half from 1642 to 1782. Its various architectural styles, especially the baroque, are an excellent sample of the artistic tendencies of the 17th and 18th centuries. Firstly, the Claustro Menor was built following the herreriano style, from 1642 to 1700, and from 1750 to 1761, the Claustro Mayor with its beautiful arches and baroque style pillars was built with clear influences from neighboring Queretaro.
The monastery was the central office of the Provincia Religiosa Agustiniana de San Nicolas de Tolentino de
Michoacan since the late 18th century up to 1860, which spread across the current states of Michoacan, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Jalisco, Zacatecas, Durango and San Luis Potosi. Claustro Menor was planned as a cloister for male monks. As for Claustro Mayor, the aim was to found university at a later stage. In other words, it was a majestic building that was later used as a Casa Capitular where the provincial meetings were celebrated every four years, in which the authorities of the province were chosen along with the Padre Provincial.
From the beginning, Claustro Mayor was conceived as accommodation for the Real y Pontificia Universidad
managed by Augustinians, similar to the famous Universidad Medieval Pontificia de Salamanca, Spain. Unfortunately, the project was not completed because of the close proximity of the Universidad Franciscana de Celaya. During Mexico's Independence War, it remained under the authority of Augustinian monks. However, after the Guerra de Reforma, the monastery was closed and the Augustinians were expelled in 1860, and the building became the State Prison from 1867 to 1915, then headquarters during the
Revolution, Arts & Crafts School from 1921 to 1925, and the Francisco I. Madero Primary School from 1929 to 1973 at Claustro Menor and the administration offices of the Oil Production Trade Union (Section 24) from 1944 to 1963 at the Claustro Mayor. Unfortunately, at the end of the 20th century the building started to deteriorate. Is (sic, It) was only when the population of Salamanca, organized under the Adopte
una Obra de Arte non-profit, a member of the Adopte una Obra de Arte Nation Council based in Mexico City, advocated the total restoration of Claustro Mayor, which began in 1999 and ended in 2002. In 1984, Claustro Menor started to be used as Casa de Cultura de Salamanca and was restored from 2007 to 2011, and Claustro Mayor was founded as an important cultural regional institution in 2002; Centro de las Artes de Guanajuato, a member of the Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes and the Instituto de Cultura del Estado, whose mission is to spread, teach and research artistic disciplines such as dance, plastic arts, photography, drama, cinema, etc., besides hosting a specialized library in arts and several spaces for cultural activities, open to national and foreign artists. This monastery has now been totally restored back its original artistic and spiritual splendor and beauty, for Mexico and the world to enjoy.
Details
HM NumberHM267X
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, March 24th, 2018 at 7:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 270724 N 2275969
Decimal Degrees20.56876667, -101.19941667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 20° 34.126', W 101° 11.965'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds20° 34' 7.5599999999999" N, 101° 11' 57.9" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 117 Portal de Los Bravos, Salamanca Guanajuato 36700, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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