Located on Old San Antonio Road, on land surveyed in 1821 as part of the original colony of Moses and Stephen F. Austin.
In 1854 became site of major settlement by Wend from northern Europe, led by Pastor Johann Kilian.
Had only school in U. S. that taught in Wendish - language surviving only here and in Australia, in the modern world.
County was created from Bastrop, Burleson, Fayette and Washington.
Organized in 1874, it was named for Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), General of the Army of Northern Virginia, in the southern Confederacy, 1862-1865.
Giddings is the county seat.