Smithsonian's National Zoo

Smithsonian's National Zoo (HM23YH)

Location: Washington, DC 20008
Country: United States of America

N 38° 55.886', W 77° 3.048'

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125 Years

1886 After witnessing the near extinction of bison, scientist William Hornaday works with the Smithsonian to create a natonal zoo.

1889 President Grover Cleveland signs a bill to establish the National Zoo for the purpose of saving animals from extinction.

1891 The National Zoo officially opens to the public.

1892 The Zoo's first permanent building is completed, housing almost all the animals. It later becomes the Lion House.

1937 The Zoo unveils a new Elephant House. Fully updated in 2013, it becomes the Elephant Community Center.

1939 The Zoo turns 50 as World War II breaks out in Europe. The Zoo does its part as keepers and other employees go to war.

1950 Rescued from a blaze, Smokey Bear becomes a living symbol of the United State's campaign to prevent forest fires and comes to live at the Zoo.

1958 Concerned Washingtonians form Friends of the National Zoo to raise funds for much-needed repairs.

1972 The Zoo pioneers a program to breed golden lion tamarins and reintroduced them to the rainforests in Brazil.

1972 First Lady Pat Nixon formally welcomes giant pandas Ling-Ling and Hsing-Hsing, gifts from the People's Republic of China. Panda mania ensues!

The Zoo acquires 3,200 acres in Virginia to save rare species, known today as the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute.

1988 The Zoo helps black-footed ferrets rebound from near extinction. Today more than 1,000 live in the wild.

1991 The Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center opens and soars to international prominence for its research and conservation work.

1992 Komodo dragons hatch at the Zoo, for the first time ever outside Indonesia.

1999 Zoo researchers spearhead efforts to combat chytrid, a deadly fungus that threatens one-third of amphibian species.

2001 Kandula, a male Asian elephant, is born. His birth reflects Zoo scientists growing understanding of elephant reproduction.

2005 Tai Shan is born. He becomes the first giant panda cub in Zoo history to live into adulthood.

2012 The Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation, a partnership between the Zoo and George Mason University, opens to the first class of students.

2013 Bao Bao is born. She is the Zoo's second healthy giant panda cub, and growing strong!

This exhibition has been brought to you in part by: Lend Lease
HM NumberHM23YH
Placed BySmithsonian Institution
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, December 19th, 2017 at 10:02am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)31N E 166021 N 0
Decimal Degrees38.93143333, -77.05080000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 55.886', W 77° 3.048'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 55' 53.16" N, 77° 3' 2.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 95 Olmsted Walk, Washington DC 20008, US
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