The Meaning of the Pyramid of the Sun

The Meaning of the Pyramid of the Sun (HM23VD)

Location: , Estado de México San Juan Teotihuacán
Country: Mexico

N 19° 41.464', W 98° 50.57'

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Significado del la Pirámide del SolAunque antes se creía que esta pirámide fue la base de un gran templo dedicado a un dios relacionado con el Sol, el desarollo de las investigaciones arqueológicas ha
sugerido una interpretación sobre su significado religioso, que propone que la divinidad venerada en este edificio fue el dios del agua: Tlaloc.Las evidencias que apoyan esta interpretación son, entre otras, la
existencia de un canal de 3 metros de ancho que circunda en su base a la Pirámide, dándole el significado de Altepetl o Cerro de Agua; la existencia de enterramientos de niños pequeños en las esquinas del edificio, mismos que son característicos de ofrendas dedicadas al del agua, además de la presencia de una
cueva debajo de la pirámide.Las cuevas tienen un doble significado en el pensamiento prehispánico: son vida y muerte. Por un lado son lugares relacionados con Tlaloc, identficados como matrices que dan vida y, por otro, son la entrada al mundo de los muertos. Los dioses que simbolizan estos aspectos del pensamiento prehispánico ocupan el espacio central, mismo que Tlaloc ocupa en esta pirámide o montaña sagrada.
Pie de dibujos:Antes de la llegada de los españoles, el Atlepetl (atl - agua, tepetl - cerro) hacía referencia a una población sobre un cerro
y localizada cerca de una fuente de agua, pero también a un territorio político y una forma de gobierno.Puntos donde fueron encontrados entierros de niños pequeños. La cueva localizada bajo la pirámide asemeja una flor de cuatro pétalos, la cual es uno de los símbolos recurrentes de Teotihuacan y significaba los cuatro rumbos y el centro. Vista aérea de la cuevaVasijas teotihuacanos
Náhuatl:
Ipan in tlen omicuilo ipampa in xihuitl in tlen itoca siglo XVI, cuali mixmati mach inih teocalli cuali catca ipan ce hueyi teopantli in tlen monequia ipampa ce teotl in tlen in Tonatiuh moteochihuaya. Ihuan in yancuic ixtlamanchiliztli axan quixpantia mach in teotl in aquin ipampa moteochihuaya oya in Tlaloc, inin teotl catca pampa in atl.Mochi in tlen cuali tlapalehuia in tlen axan mitohua in tlen occe quitoznequi, ipampa in tlen onca ce apamitl in tlen quipiya 3 m. in tlen patlahuac tacha, in tlen quiyehualohua itzintla inin teocalli, ihuan ohquion mate quitoznequi Altepetl. Ihuan in quenin onca in mihcatoca in cocone inanacaztla in caltepamitl, mochi inin cuali motlaliliaya ipampa in teotl in atl, ihuan mochi onca ce oztoc icxitla in teocalli. In oztome cuali quitoznequi çan ome itlamachiliz in tlen mochi quipiaya intlaneltoquiliz in tlatlaca in tlen cachto catca in cuac aymo acia in caxtiltlatlaca. Mochi inin mocetilia in nemilizcayotl ihuan in miquilizcayotl. Noço, occehcan mohta in quenin mocetilla, in teotlachihualiztli ipampa in Tlaloc, in tlen mixpantia in quenin temacohua in nemiliztli, ihuan mochi in occehcan, cuali mohta in canin onca in mimihca calaquiliztli. In teteo in tlen mixtlachia in tlen cachto tlaneltoquiliz catca in cuac ayamo nican acia in caxtiltlaca, mochi inin cuali yolotlamachiliztli catca, in quenin nican in Tlaloc onca ipan in Teocalli, onoço ipan in teotepetl.
English:The Meaning of the Pyramid of the Sun
Given accounts written in the sixteenth century, it was believed that this pyramid functioned as a base for a large temple dedicated to the sun (considered a deity). The new interpretation proposes that the god worshiped in this building was the water deity, Tlaloc.Evidence supporting this interpretation includes the existence of a ten-foot wide moat which surrounds the Pyramid's base, giving it the meaning of "Altepeti" (Water Hil, the presence of child burials at the building's corners, (characteristic of offerings to the water god), and a cave found beneath the pyramid. Caves have the two-fold meaning in the pre-Hispanic cosmic vision of ife and death. Indeed, on the one hand, they bare (sic, bear) symbolic relation to Tlaloc, interpreted as life-giving wombs, and, on the other, represent entrances to the world of the dead. The gods who symbolize these aspects of the pre-Hispanic cosmic vision occupy the central place as Tlaloc in this pyramid or sacred mountain.
Captions:Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the Atlepetl (atl - water, tepetl - hill) referred to a population on a hill and located near a water source, but also a political territory and a form of government. Points where burials of small children were found. The cave located under the pyramid resembles a flower with four petals, which is one of the recurring symbols of Teotihuacan and signified the four directions and the center. Aerial view of the cave Clay vessels from Teotihuacan
Details
HM NumberHM23VD
Tags
Placed ByInstituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, December 16th, 2017 at 10:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 516472 N 2177302
Decimal Degrees19.69106667, -98.84283333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 41.464', W 98° 50.57'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 41' 27.84" N, 98° 50' 34.2" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Acceso a Piramide del Sol por Puerta 5, Estado de México , MX
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