The Vicksburg Campaign

The Vicksburg Campaign (HM22WM)

Location: Edwards, MS 39066 Hinds County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 18.243', W 90° 33.713'

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"Vicksburg is the key," said President Abraham
Lincoln. "The war can never be brought to a
close until that key is in our pocket."

The United States government had to control
the lower Mississippi River in order to move
agricultural products to world markets, to split
the South and sever its supply lines. In the
spring of 1863, Major General Ulysses S. Grant
launched the Army of the Tennessee on a series
of maneuvers and battles to pocket Vicksburg
and end the war.

"The most brilliant campaign ever fought on
American soil" involved deception and counter-
intelligence, rapid marches, naval actions, a
large-scale amphibious crossing, and fighting
in difficult terrain and harsh climate. Grant's
invading force brought war to the interior of the
Deep South and eventually captured Vicksburg
and an entire Confederate army, re-opening the
Mississippi River.

In the Vicksburg campaign region,visitors will
encounter some of the most varied and difficult
terrain of any military campaign. Some of the
sites and nearby roadways have changed little
since the Civil War. At several sites along the
way, and at the Vicksburg National Military
Park, interpretation is provided.

Top left:
One Battle, Two Names

Sometimes a Civil War battle was called by two
names—one used by northerners the other by
southerners. Above is a Union map of the battle of
Champion Hill, with the Confederate below.

Bottom right:
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, (far left) and Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, CSA, (left) commanded
the two opposing armies of the Vicksburg Campaign.
HM NumberHM22WM
Placed ByThe Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, November 15th, 2017 at 10:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 729559 N 3576749
Decimal Degrees32.30405000, -90.56188333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 18.243', W 90° 33.713'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 18' 14.58" N, 90° 33' 42.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)601
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1000-1084 Adams Ln, Edwards MS 39066, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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