Naval Warfare

Naval Warfare (HM225Q)

Location: Buchanan, TN 38222 Henry County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 26.351', W 88° 5.003'

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Inscription

Controlling the Tennessee River

This was a busy landing and crossing point on the Tennessee River; a waterway of strategic importance during the war. After the fall of Forts Henry and Donelson in February 1862, the Confederates' hope of maintaining control of Paris Landing vanished. On March 11, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered four infantry companies and an artillery battery to establish a garrison here and secure the county and the landing.

As the fighting moved to other parts of Tennessee, Paris Landing was largely forgotten until late in October 1864 when Confederate Gen. Nathan B. Forrest began raids in the region against Union transportation and communications lines. The Confederates established a concealed battery here and began attacking Federal gunboats steaming upriver to Johnsonville, a major Union supply base. They captured or destroyed several vessels, including USS Undine after an hour-long artillery duel between the gunboat and Forrest's horse artillery on October 30. Acting Master John L. Bryant reported that "the enemy opened with a cross fire of artillery and musketry. I opened on them with my broadside guns and returned the fire with rapidity." He fired canister at Confederate soldiers in the bushes to "good effect," but then a steam pipe burst, making Undine "entirely unmanageable,"
and Bryant surrendered.

Forrest's men repaired the vessel and resumed their attacks on Federal gunboats. On November 2, however, Undine was severely damaged in a fight. The Confederates took it to Reynoldsburg Island and two days later burned it to the waterline.

(photo captions)
Gen. Nathan B. Forrest Courtesy Library of Congress
Confederate infantry and artillery firing on Union gunboats Courtesy Naval Historical Center
Union gunboat fleet on the Tennessee River, Harper's Pictorial History of the Civil War (1896)
Rail Line at Johnsonville - Courtesy Library of Congress
Details
HM NumberHM225Q
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 18th, 2017 at 10:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 402899 N 4033207
Decimal Degrees36.43918333, -88.08338333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 26.351', W 88° 5.003'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 26' 21.06" N, 88° 5' 0.18000000000001" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)731
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 16033-16055 US-79, Buchanan TN 38222, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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Nearby Markersshow on map
Forrest at Paris Landing
0.3 miles
Fort Henry
4.06 miles
Fort Henry
5.64 miles
Site of Fort Henry
6.01 miles
Gerard Furnace
6.21 miles
Fort Heiman
6.23 miles
Advance On Fort Donelson
7.48 miles
Advance on Fort Donelson
9.13 miles
Forrest's Attack
12.33 miles
Holding The Line
12.33 miles
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