Oliver Cowdery, born here on 3 October 1806, was the principal scribe for the translation of the Book of Mormon and was one of three special witnesses to its divinity. He assisted the prophet Joseph Smith in organizing The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon) on 6 April 1830 in Fayette, New York. Over the next few years, Cowdery served in the Church as Assistant President, newspaper editor, and historian. He helped compile revelations received by the Prophet and also participated in selecting the restored Church's first quorum of Apostles.
Estranged from the Church in 1838, Cowdery rejoined the Latter-day Saints a decade later. He died in Richmond, Missouri, on 3 March 1850, in full fellowship in the faith he had helped to establish.