From Pasture to Park

From Pasture to Park (HM21VH)

Location: Gaffney, SC 29341 Cherokee County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 7.704', W 81° 48.167'

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Inscription

Cowpens National Battlefield

The land you are standing on has not always been protected by the National Park Service. For 200 years after the battle, homes, farms, and other businesses occupied the 842 acres that make up Cowpens National Battlefield.

Although Congress debated creating the park here as early as 1891, it was not until 1929 that Congress passed legislation to establish Cowpens National Battlefield Site. In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon signed legislation to change the name to Cowpens National Battlefield and authorized purchasing the land encompassed by the park today.

(captions)
Visitors to the battlefield in the 1800s would have had a very different experience than they do today.

From 1932-1978, a part-time caretaker managed Cowpens National Battlefield Site. In 1978 the National Park Service disassembled the US Monument, which was located at the intersection of State Highways 11 and 110, and rebuilt it in front of the future Visitor Center.

(timeline)
January 17, 1781
Battle of Cowpens

circa 1828
Robert Scruggs House built. Served as the unofficial Visitor Center for the battlefield.

1856
The Washington Light Infantry built the first monument to the battle 75 years afterwards.

1881
A statue of Daniel Morgan was built for the
Centennial. Due to vandalism of the Washington Light Infantry Monument, the statue was constructed in Spartanburg.

1929-1932
President Herbert Hoover signed the enabling legislation authorizing Cowpens National Battlefield Site. The Daniel Morgan DAR Chapter and Cherokee County purchased and donated one acre to the federal government for a monument.

1972
President Nixon signed HR 10086 into law, creating Cowpens National Battlefield.

1980
The Visitor Center Opened.
Details
HM NumberHM21VH
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 25th, 2017 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 426858 N 3887577
Decimal Degrees35.12840000, -81.80278333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 7.704', W 81° 48.167'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 7' 42.24" N, 81° 48' 10.02" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)864
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Battleground Tour Rd, Gaffney SC 29341, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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