Road to the Revolution

Road to the Revolution (HM21VG)

Location: Gaffney, SC 29341 Cherokee County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 7.906', W 81° 48.019'

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Cowpens National Battlefield

The Green River Road, which evolved from an Indian trail to a colonial trade route, played a fundamental role in the Revolutionary War battles that led to America's victory at Yorktown, Virginia.

On the evening of October 6, 1780, while on their way to fight British Major Patrick Ferguson, patriot militia from five colonies met along the Green River Road at the Cow Pens, a well-known pasturing ground. Three months later, 1100 British troops under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton followed Brigadier General Daniel Morgan's Flying Army along the Green River Road from the banks of the Pacolet River north to the Cow Pens. Deployed in three defensive lines along this road, Morgan's patriots soundly defeated the British Army at daybreak on January 17, 1781.

Today, the National Park Service preserves a 2-mile remnant of this historic road that laid the foundation for America's independence.

The Green River Road or Mills Gap Road followed the high ground from below the Pacolet River in South Carolina to beyond the Green River and Mills Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina.

Rather than retreat across the Broad River, six miles to the north, Morgan set a trap for the British using the wetlands, canebrakes, and sloping terrain along the Green River Road to his advantage.

1972, when Congress established Cowpens National Battlefield, the Green River Road had become a route for local traffic.
HM NumberHM21VG
Placed ByNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 25th, 2017 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 427086 N 3887948
Decimal Degrees35.13176667, -81.80031667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 7.906', W 81° 48.019'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 7' 54.36" N, 81° 48' 1.1399999999999" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)864
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Battlefield Trail, Gaffney SC 29341, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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