Native Foods

Native Foods (HM21P7)

Location: Pocatello, ID 83204 Bannock County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 50.782', W 112° 25.238'

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Inscription

Chief Pocatello Monument

Shoshone Foods


The Shoshone were experts in securing a living from the land around them. They made intense use of the animals and plants available to them, and nothing was wasted.

Big Game


Traditional foods including buffalo, elk, deer, antelope, and moose. There are referenced in the historical records to Chief Pocatello leading his band into Wyoming on buffalo hunts. The Shoshone used many different methods to take game, including bow and arrow, clubs, snares and the construction of sage brush corrals into which larger animals would be driven.

Small Game, Birds and Fish


Small game animals hunted by the Shoshone included rabbits, rock chuck (marmots) and ground squirrels. In addition, the Shoshone hunted and trapped ducks, geese, grouse and other fowl, and collected their eggs in fields and marshes. Fish were caught using spears, fishing poles and baskets.

Plants


Using digging sticks, willow baskets and winnowing pans, the Shoshone gathered bitterroot, wild onions, carrots, asparagus, garlic, cattail stems, potatoes, camas roots, sego lily and pine nuts. Sunflower seeds, wild rice and mustard seeds were ground to make mush and cakes. A wide array of berries were available
in season, including chokecherries, buffalo berries, currant berries, service berries, goose berries, strawberries, huckleberries and blueberries.
Grass seed was a particularly important staple, used in much the same way as wheat is used today.

Other Items

The Shoshone gathered wild honey in the fall, and in season, gathered peppermint, rose hips and herbs to make teas and medicines. Salt was collected from the Great Salt Lake, and used as an important trade item with other tribes.

Preservation

Each year, the Shoshone had to prepare for a long, cold winter. A successful hunting and gathering season could mean the difference between life and death during the winter months. Meat was cut into strips and hung on racks to dry. Both fish and berries were dried and stored for winter use as well.
Details
HM NumberHM21P7
Tags
Placed ByCity of Pocatello
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 15th, 2017 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12T E 383917 N 4744733
Decimal Degrees42.84636667, -112.42063333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 50.782', W 112° 25.238'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 50' 46.92" N, 112° 25' 14.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)208
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2653-2885 I-15BL, Pocatello ID 83204, US
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