Fünfknopfturm / Five-points Tower

Fünfknopfturm / Five-points Tower (HM21M3)

Location: Schwäbisch Gmünd, Baden-Württemberg 73525 Stuttgart
Country: Germany

N 48° 47.968', E 9° 47.532'

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Inscription

Der Fünfknopfturm war in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts ein ungemein beliebtes Motiv, sodass er auch als Hintergrund bei vielen Ansichten erscheint. Der Fünfknopfturm markiert die west-liche Stadtmauer vor dem Waldstetter Bach, etwa auf halber Strecke zwischen den abgebrochenen Stadttoren bzw. -türmen, dem äußeren Bockstor bzw. Ledertorturm. Die leicht stumpfwinkligen Außenseiten vereinten zwei Vorteile: Zum einen ermöglichten sie die bessere Bestreichung der hier parallel zur Stadtmauer verlau-fenden Straße zwischen Graben und Waldstetter Bach, zum an-deren boten sie dem Angreifer geringere direkte Aufprallfläche und garantierten bessere Standfestigkeit als eine gerade Mauer. Der Typus stammt sicher aus dem Burgenbau des 12./13. Jahrhunderts, wie er im Elsass und in der Pfalz nachgewiesen werden kann. Den Abschluss bilden drei charakteristische Dacherker, den Namen bekam der Turm von den knopfartigen Aufsätzen, davon zwei auf dem First des Walmdachs.


[English translation:]

The "Five-points" (lit. five-button) tower was an extremely popular pictorial motif in the second half of the 19th century, as it appears as the backdrop for many views. The Five-points tower marks the western city wall in front of the Waldstetter Brook, halfway between the dismantled city gates and towers,
the outer Bocks Gate and Ledertor Tower. The slightly obtuse-angled outer sides of the tower combined two advantages: on the one hand, they made possible a better laying of the road parallel to the city wall between the Graben (moat, now filled in) and Waldstetter Brook, and on the other hand they offered the attacker a smaller direct impact surface and guaranteed more stability than a straight wall. This type of tower originated from the castle building of the 12th-13th Century, as can be found in Alsace and the Palatinate (Rhineland). Finally, the tower was dominated by button- or knob-like attachments, two of them on the ridge of the hipped roof.
Details
HM NumberHM21M3
Tags
Year Placed2014
Placed ByLandesgartenschau Schwäbisch Gmünd
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 11th, 2017 at 10:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)29U E 441824 N 5405466
Decimal Degrees48.79946667, 9.79220000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 48° 47.968', E 9° 47.532'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds48° 47' 58.0800" N, 9° 47' 31.9200" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , Schwäbisch Gmünd Baden-Württemberg 73525, DE
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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