Arkansas' Mercí Car

Arkansas' Mercí Car (HM21BG)

Location: Helena-West Helena, AR 72342 Phillips County
Country: United States of America
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N 34° 31.652', W 90° 35.299'

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Inscription
This boxcar and the gifts it carried are a reminder of American support of France during two world wars, and of France's gratitude for that support. Such gestures between peoples deserve a lasting place in our memories.

People to People

In 1947, the people of the United States sent 700 boxcars of
food, medicine, fuel and clothing to a France devastated by
years of Nazi occupation. The Friendship Train was a
grassroots effort; it received no government support. In
1949, the people of France expressed their thanks by
sending a Mercí Train—a Gratitude Train—to America.
Shields representing the provinces of France decorated
each of the forty-nine boxcars loaded with gifts.

The Arkansas Boxcar

The French shipped the Mercí Train to New York. There
the boxcars, one for each state and one to be shared by
Hawaii and the District of Columbia, were loaded onto
flatcars. The flatcar carrying the Merci Car bound for Little
Rock arrived in the early morning hours of February 13,
1949. People flocked to see the gifts, displayed first at the
Rock Island Freight Depot and later the capitol rotunda.

The Mercí Car Comes to Helena

The Mercí Car toured the state before arriving at the
Shumaker Naval Ordnance Depot in Camden. In January
1961,
the boxcar was moved to Helena, home of the
then-department commander of the American Legion in
Arkansas. The gifts the train carried are now in the
collections of several museums and state universities.

Inset

"Forty and Eights"


The Mercí Train's boxcars were antiques, built between
1875 and 1882. During World War I (1914-1918) and World
War II (1939-1945) armies used the wooden boxcars to
transport men and horses to and from the battlefront. The
men called them Forty and Eights, in French Hommes 40
Chevaux (en long) 8,
because each car held forty men or
eight horses. Many French and American veterans
remembered spending days in these boxcars, which had
no seats, windows or toilets. Soldiers barely had enough
space to sit down and had to lie down in rows to sleep.

Photo captions
Top left: The people of Arkansas contributed five boxcars of food to the Friendship Train.
Middle: Thousands of people came out to see the gifts the French sent to the people of Arkansas.
Right top: The Mercí Train, like the Friendship Train, was a grassroots effort. The French people sent gifts from their homes to the people of America. Above are some of the gifts sent to Arkansas.
Details
HM NumberHM21BG
Series This marker is part of the series
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, August 31st, 2017 at 10:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 721351 N 3823291
Decimal Degrees34.52753333, -90.58831667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 31.652', W 90° 35.299'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 31' 39.1200" N, 90° 35' 17.9400" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)870
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 500-598 Pecan St, Helena-West Helena AR 72342, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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