D.C. Day started his Nevada Farms in the Sand Springs Valley in the mid 1960s, after moving here from Lubbock, Texas. Day subdivided a portion of his farm in 1973, eventually creating the town of Rachel in 1978. The town was named for Rachel Jones, the first child born in the community. It provided housing for the Tempiute Tungsten Mine. This mine, originally located by Wesley Koyen in 1937, was operated by Union Carbide from 1974 until 1988. With the closing of the mine, many residents left, but the town has continued. Today it is best known for its location on Nevada's Extra-Terrestrial Highway, and it's proximity to the Nevada Test Site and Groom Lake.