United States Colored Troops

United States Colored Troops (HM210C)

Location: Hagerstown, MD 21740 Washington County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 39.023', W 77° 43.103'

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The Robert Moxley Band was a group of African-American musicians, mostly local slaves, who formed a military-style brass band in the years before the Civil War. The band held regular concerts in what is now Jacob Wheaton Park. In 1863 the U.S. Government began recruiting African-Americans into the army in segregated units. (During this period, the navy accepted black recruits who served in integrated crews with white sailors and Marines). After hearing the band play in Hagerstown, an army official was so impressed with the group that he arranged to enlist the band as a unit to serve together. During its service, the band was named the "Number One Brigade Band, United States Colored Troops". The band made appearances at recruiting events, mostly in black communities as an instrument to inspire African-Americans to enlist. After service in the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia in 1864, the band was transferred to the west and was mustered out of service at Brownsville Texas in April, 1866. Many Hagerstown and Washington County African-Americans served in the Union army and navy during the War.

Fascinating Fact

African-Americans held a special pride in their service during the war that ended slavery. The Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) was an organization of Union Civil War veterans, much like the
V.F.W. or American Legion of today. It was generally a segregated organization. Hagerstown had two G.A.R. Posts: Reno Post #4 (a white post), and Lyon Post #31, which served as a home for black G.A.R. members. Lyon Post met on the first and third Thursdays of the month. Few records survive, however it is clear through newspaper reports and surviving event programs that Lyon Post participated in many of the civic events of the day regardless of the institutionalized discrimination its individual members experienced in their daily lives.
HM NumberHM210C
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, August 23rd, 2017 at 9:56am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 266764 N 4392486
Decimal Degrees39.65038333, -77.71838333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 39.023', W 77° 43.103'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 39' 1.38" N, 77° 43' 6.18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)240, 301
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 117-199 Charles St, Hagerstown MD 21740, US
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