The Underground Railroad in Crawford County

The Underground Railroad in Crawford County (HM20U7)

Location: Bucyrus, OH 44820 Crawford County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 48.253', W 82° 58.529'

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Inscription

The Underground Railroad

Side A Runaway slaves used a web of routes through Crawford County, most going through the city of Bucyrus. Present-day State Route 98 to State Route 4, laid out in 1822 from Norton in northern Delaware County through Bucyrus to Sandusky in Erie County, so straight that no conductor was needed. Bucyrus' most notable abolitionist was its second sheriff, John Moderwell, a Presbyterian whose house could hold twenty slaves in a false attic. Another notable Bucyrian , John Anderson, used an upstairs room in the American Hotel on Sandusky Avenue at Warren Street, to hide runaways. A famous abolitionist speech had been given in that same room in 1839. The "Old Quaker" Benjamin Warner lived five and a half miles south of Bucyrus on route 98 and gave 'runners' "a place to sleep and a hearty breakfast, and sent them on their way rejoicing." He made many trips to Friends living north of Bucyrus, hauling his trembling passengers in broad daylight, concealed under nothing but loose straw. Runaways along the Tiffin Road worked for a time for Fisher Quaintance on the Jackson Farm. Jackson's sons were often seen hauling wagonloads into Seneca County where blacks living there would provide aid and shelter. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 made Peter Wert move to New Winchester. "Black Pete" hid hundreds
of slaves coming from Ripley, Portsmouth, Alum Creek and Iberia on towards Sandusky and Oberlin.

Side BThe Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad, but a system of loosely connected safe havens where those escaping the brutal conditions of slavery were sheltered, fed, clothed, nursed, concealed, disguised, and instructed during their journey to freedom. Although this movement was one of America's greatest social, moral, and humanitarian endeavors, the details about it were often cloaked in secrecy to protect those involved from the retribution of civil law and slave-catchers. Ohio's history has been permanently shaped by the thousands of runaway slaves passing through or finding permanent residence in this state.
Details
HM NumberHM20U7
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Placed ByCo-sponsorship of ODOT and Friends of Freedom Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, August 16th, 2017 at 7:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 333363 N 4518901
Decimal Degrees40.80421667, -82.97548333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 48.253', W 82° 58.529'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 48' 15.18" N, 82° 58' 31.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)419, 740
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 500-536 OH-98, Bucyrus OH 44820, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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