84th Indiana Infantry

84th Indiana Infantry (HM20G8)

Location: Rossville, GA 30741 Catoosa County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 58.758', W 85° 12.749'

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Inscription

Whitaker's Brigade

—Steedman's Division —

In this area, on September 19th 1863, the first desperate fighting for control of the vitally important rail center of Chattanooga took place.

The Eighty-fourth Indiana Regiment, memorialized by a marker on this property was part of a 60,000 man Federal force under General Rosecrans who was trying to drive General Braxton Bragg's 47,000 Confederates deep into Georgia, and set the stage for the capture of Atlanta.

On the morning of the 19th the Federal Army of the Cumberland was located in a line running south from here to Chickamauga. Ordered to move toward the Confederate forces near Chickamauga Creek they encountered heavy resistance from infantry, cavalry, and artillery; and withdrew to their camp. The Confederates then attacked in force, but the Union line held and the Eighty-fourth Indiana achieved its first success of the Chickamauga Campaign.

On Sunday morning, September 20th, the deadly battle of Chickamauga opened in earnest. General Granger, who commanded the entire reserve corps which included the 84th Indiana, found little action to his front; but he could hear the sound of the battle growing steadily stronger to the south. Leaving a small force behind, he marched his men three miles to the area of Snodgrass Hill where they immediately joined in the desperate conflict. The Union troops
held their lines although the slaughter on both sides was great. The 84th Indiana came to Chattanooga with 374 men; by the end of the carnage 135 were killed, wounded or missing.

There was no real victor in the Battle of Chickamauga. While the Confederates held the field at the end of the day as the Union army escaped northwest to Chattanooga, they failed to drive Rosecrans' Army from Chattanooga and win a decisive victory which might have saved the South.

By late November, 1863, Union forces had won the Battles of lookout mountain and Missionary Ridge. The Confederates retreated deep into Georgia and the way was paved for the fall of Atlanta and Sherman's March to the Sea which split the South and sealed her defeat.
Details
HM NumberHM20G8
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, August 5th, 2017 at 10:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 663164 N 3872206
Decimal Degrees34.97930000, -85.21248333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 58.758', W 85° 12.749'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 58' 45.48" N, 85° 12' 44.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706, 423
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Gettysburg Rd, Rossville GA 30741, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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