The Santa Fe Trail

The Santa Fe Trail (HM20CW)

Location: Boise City, OK 73933 Cimarron County
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 51.86', W 102° 30.952'

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(Left Panel)
The Santa Fe Trail
A Bridge Between the United States and Mexico

Before you is a portion of the historic Santa Fe Trail. Established as a wagon route by William Becknell in 1822, the Santa Fe Trail became the first major trade link between the eastern United States and the newly established country of Mexico. From the 1820's to the 1860's a steady stream of wagon trains followed this historic route. From Missouri came materials and supplies that were vital to the development of northern Mexico; Mexican traders sent silvers, furs, and other products to the U.S. Traveling only 12-15 miles per day the 800 mile trip could take 7 weeks.

With the discovery of gold in California in the late 1840's, traffic increased greatly on the Santa Fe Trail. Traders, goldseekers and military troops were frequent travelers on the trail throughout the 1850's. Following the Civil War, however, construction of railroads began in the region. By the 1860's and 70's trade items and military freights were increasingly carried by rail. On February 9th, 1880, when the first steam locomotive passed near Santa Fe, New Mexico, the wagon trail was no longer needed. This brought about the end of nearly 60 years of commercial use of the Santa Fe Trail.

(Right Panel)
The Santa
Fe Trail
A Cultural Tidal Wave Through Indian Land

"I do not want to settled down in the houses you would build for us. I love to roam over the wild prairie. There I am free and happy."
Satanta (White Bear), Kiowa warrior and chief

The Santa Fe Trail had a profound impact on the lives of the Indians of the Southern Plains. Comanche, Kiowa, Plains Apache, Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors fought hard to protect their lands from the arrival of traders and emigrants.
By the mid-1870's, as a result of intense military pressure and the slaughter of millions of buffalo, these Plain Indian tribes were forced to begin a new life on reservations. While the Santa Fe Trail Trail opened the door to American expansion in the Southwest, it signaled an end to the Plains Indian's nomadic way of life.
HM NumberHM20CW
Series This marker is part of the Santa Fe Trail series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, August 2nd, 2017 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13S E 721440 N 4082703
Decimal Degrees36.86433333, -102.51586667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 51.86', W 102° 30.952'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 51' 51.6" N, 102° 30' 57.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)580
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near OK-3, Boise City OK 73933, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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