El Cerrito ("The Little Hill")

El Cerrito ("The Little Hill") (HM202C)

Location: El Pueblito, Querétaro 76900 Corregidora Municipality
Country: Mexico
Buy Mexico flags at Flagstore.com!

N 20° 33.051', W 100° 26.488'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 68 views
Inscription
El CerritoZona de Monumentos Arqueológicos

En época prehispánica El Cerrito fue un importante centro ceremonial, de relevancia en la región. Dentro de este espacio sagrado se construyeron un basamento piramidal, plazas, patios, salas con columnas y altares.Las investigaciones efectuadas a la fecha permiten establecer tres etapas constructivas. La más antigua entre los anos 700 y 900 d.C., período denominado Epiclásico. En ese momento El Cerrito surge como un gran asentamiento, expresión de una tradición cultural local e independiente. Durante este período se construyeron el Basamento Piramidal y la Plaza de las Esculturas. La siguiente etapa coloca a El Cerrito como uno de los principales centros ceremoniales mesoamericanos de tradición tolteca, abarcando el período entre los años 900 y 1,200 d.C, esto es el Posclásico Temprano. A partir de este momento la arquitectura integró en su decoración la escultura en piedra. Utilizada para decorar muros y fachadas, funcionó como arte público, en donde se expresó la concepción del mundo de acuerdo a los toltecas. Los coronamientos y las lápidas con relieves de guerreros, personajes históricos, glifos y símbolos, expresan el reconocimiento de Quetzalcóatl como deidad suprema. Principalmente la riqueza escultórica permite comparar en importancia
El Cerrito con otras ciudades toltecas como Tula y Chichén Itzá. En la última etapa de ocupación, entre los años 1,200 y 1,530 d.C., al parecer únicamente fue ampliada la plataforma del basamemento. Se construyó un gran muro en talud y nuevas escalinatas que cubrieron la etapa anterior. En este proceso es evidente la intención de destruir el pasado tolteca en el sitio, pues la escultura fue reutilizada como relleno o material constructivo. Culturalmente es una etapa en donde nuevos grupos chichimecas norteños pasan a ocupar
territorios dejados por los toltecas. Tal poblamiento se prolongó hasta principios del siglo XVII, siendo reconocido como santuario por población chichimeca, otomí y tarasca, asentada en el valle. En su afán
de contrarrestar esta tradición prehispánica, los evangelizadores franciscanos depositaron una imagen de la Virgen María dentro del recinto sagrado en 1632, permaneciendo en el sitio por más de 70 años. Leyenda:
1 Basamento Piramidal
2 Plaza de las Esculturas
3 Altar de los Cráneos
4 Sala de los Cuatro Altares5 Plaza de la Danza6 Altar de Obsidianas7 Plataforma Oriente

English translation:
El Cerrito ("The Little Hill")Archaeological Monuments Area
In pre-Hispanic times El Cerrito was an important ceremonial center, of much relevance in the
region. Within this sacred space were built a pyramid on a large base, plazas, courtyards, rooms with columns and altars. The investigations carried out to date establish three construction periods. The oldest period was between 700 and 900 AD and this period is called the Pre-Classic. At that time El Cerrito emerged as a great settlement as an expression of a localized and independent cultural tradition. During this period the Pyramid and the Plaza of Sculptures were built. The next stage places El Cerrito as one of the main Mesoamerican ceremonial centers of the Toltec tradition, spanning the period between 900 and 1200 AD. This is the Early Postclassic period. From this moment the architecture of the site began to integrate the use of stone sculptures into its decoration, using them to decorate walls and facades. These sculptures functioned as a type of public art, where the conception of the world according to the Toltecs was expressed. The crowning sculptural elements and tombstones included reliefs of warriors, historical figures, glyphs and symbols, all expressing the recognition of Quetzalcoatl as a supreme deity. The sculptural richness seen here allows a comparison of El Cerrito with other Toltec cities like Tula and Chichén Itzá. In the last period of occupation, between the years 1200 and 1530, the platform of the base of the pyramid was
expanded. A great sloped wall and new staircases were built that covered the constructions of the previous period. In this process the intention appears to have been to destroy or cover up the Toltec past of the site as most of that period's sculpture was reused as a filler or construction material. Culturally this was a period where new groups of Chichimecs came from further north in order to occupy areas left by the Toltecs. This settlement lasted until the beginning of the 17th century, with Chichimec, Otomí and Tarasca groups considering the area as a type of sanctuary and settling in this valley. In their eagerness to counteract this pre-Hispanic tradition, the Franciscan evangelizers deposited an image of the Virgin Mary within this sacred enclosure in 1632, which remained at the site for more than 70 years. Legend:
1 Pyramid and base
2 Plaza of the Sculptures
3 Altar of the Skulls
4 Room of the Four Altars5 Plaza of the Dances6 Altar of Obsidian7 Eastern Platform
Details
HM NumberHM202C
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, July 23rd, 2017 at 10:01pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 349734 N 2273103
Decimal Degrees20.55085000, -100.44146667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 20° 33.051', W 100° 26.488'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds20° 33' 3.0600000000001" N, 100° 26' 29.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Av Don Bosco, El Pueblito Querétaro 76900, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?