Turkey Cove

Turkey Cove (HM1ZAT)

Location: Big Stone Gap, VA 24219 Lee County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 48.662', W 82° 50.049'

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Inscription

An Appalachian Community in the Midst of War

This valley was one of the most fertile and prosperous in the region during the Civil War. Turkey
Cove contained farms large and small, prosperous and failing, and men who weighed their
southern-facing economic interests with their
traditional loyalty to the Union. When the Civil
War came, each local resident had to
make an important decision.

The Slemp and Richmond families
were among the most successful farmers
in the cove. Each owned large farms and slaves,
and each supported the Confederacy when Virginia seceded. Early in September 1861, Campbell Slemp and James Buchanan Richmond
organized some local men and drilled them in
fields near the present-day community church.

They then marched to
Camp Lane at the
Methodist campground
near Jonesville. On
September 16, 146
men enlisted there in
the 21st Battalion Virginia Infantry, with
Slemp as captain of
Company A. In
November 1862, the unit merged with the 29th
Virginia Infantry to form the 64th Virginia
Mounted Infantry under Col. Slemp and Lt. Col.
Richmond. On September 9, 1863, most of the
men were captured at Cumberland Gap. Afterward, 79 of the original 146 enlistees were confined at Camp Douglas, Illinois. A total of 31 died
in prison camps, while 9 chose to end their
imprisonment by joining the U.S. Army or Navy.
Of those not captured,
7 deserted
and 4 died otherwise. Although no
battles were fought
in Turkey Cove itself,
the Civil War stung
here just the same.
Details
HM NumberHM1ZAT
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, July 1st, 2017 at 3:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 336393 N 4075479
Decimal Degrees36.81103333, -82.83415000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 48.662', W 82° 50.049'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 48' 39.72" N, 82° 50' 2.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)276
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near State Rd 708, Big Stone Gap VA 24219, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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