In the hills of the Piedmont, along the Blue
Ridge Mountains, Madison County was formed
from Culpeper County in 1792. Madison
County is named for James Madison, the
"father of the American Constitution" and
the forth president of the United States. It
contains a portion of the Shenandoah National
Park. President Herbert Hoover had a rustic
retreat constructed in the Blue Ridge Mountains
here during his presidency (1929-1931) The
county seat is Madison.
Scenically situated along the Blue Ridge
Mountains, Rappahannock County was formed
from Culpeper County in 1833. It was named
for the Rappahannock River, which forms
its northern border. The Rappahannock River
received its name from the Indian tribe that
lived along its banks. The county seat is
Washington, whose name honors George
Washington, who platted the grid plan for
the community in 1749, Malcolm F. Crawford,
who had worked at the University of Virginia.
constructed the courthouse there in 1833.