Smallpox

Smallpox (HM1Z4E)

Location: Carlisle, PA 17013 Cumberland County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 12.267', W 77° 9.496'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 71 views
Inscription

Scourge of the 18th Century

Smallpox and the Revolutionary War
George Washington understood the threat of smallpox. Washington himself had survived the disease when he was 19. He knew there were two ways to control smallpox: variolate the healthy or quarantine the sick. The problem with variolation was that recovering troops would be unfit for duty for 2-3-weeks. Moreover, soldiers who developed a serious case of smallpox could start an epidemic of the full-blown disease. The problem with quarantine was that it was not always effective. Soldiers might transmit the disease before they could be isolated.

In the summer of 1775, the Continental Army lay outside British occupied Boston. Inside the city, smallpox raged through the population. Most of the British troops had been exposed at home in England and were immune. Most of the Continental Soldiers were not.

As people in Boston died at a rate of 10-30 a day, Washington faced a serious decision. Should he run the risk of variolation and the possibility that the British might attack while his men were recovering, or should he count on quarantine methods if smallpox broke out among his men?

Washington chose quarantine. The Continental Army was spared a major outbreak, in part because Washington personally oversaw strict quarantine procedures. Other Continental Army officers were not so lucky.

A
list of relevant PA Educational Standards is available in the Museum Store inside the Visitor and Education center.
Funding for this sign provided by the G.B. Stuart Charitable Foundation.
Details
HM NumberHM1Z4E
Tags
Placed ByU.S. Army Heritage and Education Center
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, June 22nd, 2017 at 5:03pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 316314 N 4452683
Decimal Degrees40.20445000, -77.15826667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 12.267', W 77° 9.496'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 12' 16.02" N, 77° 9' 29.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Army Heritage Trail, Carlisle PA 17013, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?