Cempoala

Cempoala (HM1YXO)

Location: Zempoala, Veracruz 91669 Úrsulo Galván
Country: Mexico

N 19° 26.785', W 96° 24.256'

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Su nombre derivado del nahuátl, significa "Lugar de las veinte aguas", probablemente debido a que
en dicha ciudad existía una gran cantidad de canales de riego y ductos subterráneos.Cempoala fue uno de los asentamientos totonacas más importantes del Posclásico. Sus actividades primordiales giraban en torno a la agricultura, la recolección, la caza y la pesca en los afluentes del río Actopan.
Lo que hoy es la zona arqueológica, anteriormente era el centro politico-religioso más importante de
la región. Sus edificios fueron construidos con piedras de río, unidas con mortero y aplanadas con la cal que producian a base de quemar conchas y caracoles. Los principales edificios de Cempoala son: El
Pimiento, templo cuyo rasgo más notable es su decoración a base de representaciones de cráneos; El Templo de la Cruz, que conserva en sus columnas interiores restos de pintura mural al fresco con motivos celestes; Las Caritas, dos basamentos sobrepuestos decorados en sus muros interiores y cenefas con motivos cosmogónicos con una gran cantidad de calaveritas en barro; El templo circular dedicado al dios Quetzalcóatl (dios del Viento); El Sistema Amurallado IV, que circundaba un área de 75,000 m en la que estaba el centro rector y administrativo de Cempoala. Cempoala fue el primer poblado de importancia visitado
por Cortés en tierras mesoamericanas, sus habitantes sujetos al emperador Moctezuma, se aliaron a los invasores para conquistar Tenochtitlán en 1521. Cempoala fue testigo de acontecimientos históricos muy importantes que hoy le dan sentido a nuestra identidad. Ahora es de tu patrimonio y depende de todos conservarlo, disfruta tu visita, eres bienvenido. English:The name of the site means "Place of twenty waters" in Nahuatl. The name probably derives from the fact that the city used to have a lot of
channels for irrigation and subterranean ducts. Cempoala was one of the most important Totonac
settlements during the Postclassic period. The main activities of the city were agriculture, gathering,
hunting, and fishing in the tributaries of the Actopan River. The nowadays archaeological site used to be the most important political religious center of the region. The buildings were constructed using river
stones bonded together with mortar and covered with lime mortar. The lime was produced by burning shells and conches. The main buildings of Cempoala are: El Pimiento, a temple decorated with depictions of skulls; The Cross Temple, which has columns with remains of fresco painting depicting celestial motifs; Las Caritas, a building with two overlaid platforms and interior walls decorated with depictions of cosmological symbols with
many little skulls made out of clay; El Templo Circular, a building with a circle form dedicated to Quetzalcoatl (god of the wind); El Sistema Amurallado IV, a walled defensive system surrounding a 75 000 m2 area. This area was the political and administrative center of Cempoala. Cempoala was the first Mesoamerican important town visited by Cortés. The inhabitants of Cempoala were subjugated to Emperor Moctezuma, and they decided to ally with the invaders to conquer Tenochtitlan in 1521. This city witnessed very important historical events which contribute to the construction of our cultural identity. Nowadays, Cempoala is part of our Cultural Heritage and we all have to protect it. Enjoy your visit. Welcome.
Details
HM NumberHM1YXO
Tags
Placed ByConsejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, June 15th, 2017 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 772536 N 2152279
Decimal Degrees19.44641667, -96.40426667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 26.785', W 96° 24.256'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 26' 47.1" N, 96° 24' 15.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 14 Francisco del Paso y Troncoso, Zempoala Veracruz 91669, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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