Quiahuiztlán

Quiahuiztlán (HM1YWB)

Location: , Veracruz Actopan
Country: Mexico

N 19° 40.197', W 96° 24.927'

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Quiahuiztlan"El lugar de la lluvia"/"The Place of the Rain"Gracias al estudio de los vestigios arqueológicos que aquí podrás observar, sabemos que en esta ciudad vivieron personas de filiación totonaca. Como estrategia de defensa, Quiahuiztlan se construyó sobre el Cerro Bernal, o Cerro de los Metates, adecuando algunas áreas mediante terrazas, con la finalidad de evitar que la tierra acumulada se resbalara, y a la vez, fueran muros defensivos que dificultaran el acceso a invasores. Sin embargo, esta estrategia no fue del todo ya que entre los años 800 y 900 d. C., los toltecas invadieron y sometieron a sus habitantes, al igual que los aztecas al principios del año 1200 d C.En Quiahuiztlán se han encontrado tumbas tipo mausoleo, es decir, en forma de templos miniatura, únicos en el México Antiguo. Estas tumbas están distribuidas en tres cementerios principales; algunos nobles fueron enterradas en ellas junto con ofrendas de cerámica de bella manufactura.Quiahuiztlan es célebre también porque durante la travesía de Cortés, en la planicie cercana y los lomeríos aledaños se edificó una iglesia y un recinto fortificado, al que se denominó "Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz", la cual es considerada el primer emplazamiento hispano en México. Además de establecer aquí una alianza entre los europeos
y 30 pueblos totonacas, hecho que facilitó, de cierta manera, la Conquista de México. Estás en un sitio único, pues además de las extraordinarias tumbas y la impresionante arquitectura a mitad del cerro, aquí sucedieron hechos históricos de gran trascendencia. Te invitamos a que lo conozcas, disfrutes del entorno
natural y nos ayudes a conservarlos, este patrimonio es tuyo.
English:
Thanks to the archaeological studies conducted at this site, we know that people of Totonac affiliation used to live here. As a defensive strategy, Quiahuiztlan was settled on the Bernal Hill, also called Cerro de los Metates. The constructors of the city used terraces to avoid the soil to slide down. At the same time, they introduced walls that worked as a defensive system, making it difficult for the invaders to access. Nevertheless, this strategy was not very successful. Between A.D. 800 and 900 the Toltec invaded the city and subjugated the inhabitants. At the beginning of the 13th century, the Aztecs also conquered the city.In Quiahuiztlan, mausoleum style tombs were found. These tombs have the shape of miniature temples and they were unique in ancient Mexico. The tombs are distributed in three main cemeteries. Some members of the nobility were buried in these tombs together with beautifully fashioned ceramic offerings. Quiahuiztlan is
also famous due to the fact that during the journey of Cortés, a church and a fortified enclosure were built in the nearby
lowlands and small hills. This place was called "Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz", and it is considered the first Spanish settlement in Mexico. In this place an alliance with the Europeans and 30 Totonacan towns were established. This fact facilitated, one way or another, the Conquest of Mexico. You are in a unique site. Besides the exceptional tombs and the astounding architecture in the middle of the hill, historical events of vital significance occurred in this place. We invite you to experience this place, enjoy the natural environment, and help us to protect it. This Cultural Heritage site belongs to all of us you.
Details
HM NumberHM1YWB
Tags
Placed ByConsejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, June 12th, 2017 at 9:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 770988 N 2177016
Decimal Degrees19.66995000, -96.41545000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 40.197', W 96° 24.927'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 40' 11.8200" N, 96° 24' 55.6200" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Veracruz , MX
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