The Prison of San Juan de Ulúa

The Prison of San Juan de Ulúa (HM1YVP)

Location: Veracruz, Veracruz 91891
Country: Mexico

N 19° 12.601', W 96° 7.85'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 72 views
Inscription
La prisión de San Juan de Ulúa
Los presidios eran construcciones de avanzada militar ubicados en las zonas limítrofes del territorio de la Nueva España; se utilizaban para proteger a las poblaciones de enemigos extranjeros o de indígenas rebeldes. Al principio,
fueron habitados por soldados pero, debido a las condiciones inhóspitas en estos lugares, el gobierno virreinal recurrió al reclutamiento forzoso.En el siglo XIX, esta cárcel albergó bajo sus muros tanto a criminales y cautivos de guerra, como a sospechosos de brujería o judaísmo, opositores políticos, liberales, periodistas e intelectuales críticos del gobierno en turno. Los condenados eran encerrados en
"las tinajas", calabozos húmedos y oscuros con filtraciones salitrosas, donde mermaba rápidamente la salud. Entre los hombres que lucharon por la independencia de México y que por ello estuvieron presos en San Juan de Ulúa encontramos a fray Melchor de Talamantes, Mariano Michelena, Carlos María de Bustamante y Servando Teresa de Mier. Algunos de los liberales más destacados del siglo XIX también fueron encarcelados aquí, como Benito Juárez, Melchor Ocampo, Manuel Payno y Porfirio Díaz. En 1906 y 1907 algunos huelguistas de Cananea y Río Blanco fueron remitidos a
San Juan para purgar una condena; lo mismo sucedió con periodistas, obreros
y revolucionarios a partir de 1910. El 2 de julio de 1915, Venustiano Carranza suprimió por decreto presidencial la cárcel de San Juan de Ulúa. English translation:
The Prison of San Juan de Ulúa
Prisons in the colonial period were military constructions located in the zones bordering the territory of the New Spain. They were used to protect the population from foreign enemies or rebel natives. At first they were inhabited by soldiers but, due to the inhospitable conditions in these places, the viceroyal government resorted to forced recruitment of soldiers. In the 19th century, this prison housed under its walls criminals, prisoners of war, those suspected of witchcraft or Judaism, political opponents, liberals, journalists and intellectuals critical of the current government. The convicts were locked up in "las tinajas", dark and damp dungeons with leaks of salty water, where it was difficult for the prisoners to maintain their health. Among the men who fought for the independence of Mexico and who were imprisoned in San Juan de Ulúa were Friar Melchor de Talamantes, Mariano Michelena, Carlos Maria de Bustamante and Servando Teresa de Mier. Some of the most prominent liberals of the nineteenth century were also imprisoned here, such as Benito Juárez, Melchor Ocampo, Manuel Payno and Porfirio Díaz. In 1906 and 1907
some labor protesters from Cananea and Río Blanco were imprisoned in San Juan. This also happened with journalists, workers and revolutionaries from 1910. On July 2, 1915, Venustiano Carranza, by presidential decree, closed the jail at San Juan de Ulúa.
Details
HM NumberHM1YVP
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, June 11th, 2017 at 9:01pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 801698 N 2126552
Decimal Degrees19.21001667, -96.13083333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 12.601', W 96° 7.85'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 12' 36.0600" N, 96° 7' 51.0000" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Pedro Saenz de Baranda, Veracruz Veracruz 91891, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?