Burial 13 The hierarch and ancestral veneration

Burial 13 The hierarch and ancestral veneration (HM1YRM)

Location: , Guanajuato San Miguel de Allende
Country: Mexico

N 20° 51.495', W 100° 55.718'

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Entierro 13 El Jerarca y la veneración de los ancestrosDurante las excavaciones para liberar el mural se
encontró un hallazgo de gran relevancia y sumamente significativo para la interpretación del recinto. El Templo Rojo con sus franjas que emulan la T
Tierra y el cosmos, fue morada de un ancestro del linaje gobernante en Cañada de la Virgen.Los restos óseos del personaje enterrado se
encontraron directamente asociados a la pintura mural y a la presencia de un fogón ceremonial. Es decir, sus restos fueron depositados físicamente
el lugar más relevante del centro ceremonial y, además, en una estrecha vinculación con un espacio simbólico y sagrado relacionada con el
Sol poniente, tal y como revelan los colores del mural y la propia orientación arqueoastronómica del basamento piramidal. El fechamiento por C14 ha comprobado que esta osamenta humana data entre 770 a 400 a.C. Esto significa que, cuando fue enterrado dentro del Templo Rojo de Cañada de la Virgen, El jerarca llevaba muerto y momificado al menos mil 33 años. El contexto funerario descubierto del Entierro 13
constituye por sus caracteristicas uno de los enterramientos más ricos y complejos investigados hasta la fecha en esta región de la cuenca central del río Laja que pertenece a la Mesoamérica septentrional. Podemos además
añadir que de la veneración del bulto funerario y la representación que de ellos se hace y muestra en la mayoría de los códices prehispánicos - que alcanzó su máxima expresión en la las culturas de Oaxaca, aquí en Cañada de la Virgen tenemos la evidencia arqueológica que confirma esta iconografía tan representada. English:Burial 13 The hierarch and ancestral venerationExcavations to uncover the mural revealed a particularly relevant and especially significant finding for the interpretation of the enclosure. The Red Temple, with its borders that emulate the Earth and the Cosmos, was home to an ancestor of Cañada de la Virgen's ruling descent.The remains found in this burial are linked directly to the mural painting and ceremonial bonfire: that is, the remains were physically deposited in the most relevant spot of the ceremonial centre and furthermore, closely linked to a symbolic and sacred space in relation to the setting Sun, as archeoastronomcal orientation of the pyramidal base itself. Carbon dating shows that this human skeleton dates from between 770 to 440 BCE#. This means that the Hierarch had been dead and mummified for at least 1033 years when he was buried in the Red Temple of Cañada de la Virgen. The funerary context discovered in Burial 13 is one of the richest and most complex investigated to date in
the Laja River Central Basin region of Northern Mesoamerica. Moreover, cal evidence to confirm the much represented iconography of the veneration of the funeral bundle, as seen in the majority of Pre-Hispanic codices (screen fold books) best exemplified by the cultures of Oaxaca.
Details
HM NumberHM1YRM
Tags
Placed ByConsejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, June 6th, 2017 at 9:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 299342 N 2307662
Decimal Degrees20.85825000, -100.92863333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 20° 51.495', W 100° 55.718'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds20° 51' 29.7" N, 100° 55' 43.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Guanajuato , MX
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