A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin

A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin (HM1YGT)

Location: , Guanajuato San Miguel de Allende
Country: Mexico

N 20° 51.514', W 100° 55.64'

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Cañada de la Virgen: un centro cívico ceremonial en la cuenca de río Laja
En la epoca prehispánica Cañada de la Virgen fue un centro cívico ceremonial que alcanzó su mayor desarrollo durante los años 540
a 1050 d.C., sin que a la fecha haya sido posible determinar a que
cultura perteneció. En las excavaciones se encontraron materiales procedentes de las costas del océano pacífico y el golfo de México, el occidente y la cuenca de México. En la abundante cerámica encontrada predomina el tipo Blanco Levantado y los tonos anaranjados que se relacionan con las tierras bajas que queretanas y los valles del Hidalgo.Aquí se veneraba a los dioses y ancestros, se estudiaba a los astros, principalmente la Luna el Sol y Venus, y se determinaban
los calendarios que regían la vida ceremonial, así como los ciclos
de intercambio con la naturaleza, agricultura, caza y recolección.
Cañadas de la Virgen se encuentra sobre una meseta redeada de cañadas sobre la que descansa un estanque que debió ser estratégico para la fundación del lugar, pues con el agua y los variados recursos de este ecosistema de mesetas, cañadas y valles, se tenía lo necesario para el asentamiento: agua, tierras de cultivo, materiales de construcción, maderas, flora, fauna y abundantes productos de recolección.Las investigaciones e interpretaciones
realizadas señalan que este centro cívico ceremonial estuvo ligado a una organización social mayor que abarcaba alrededor de 60 asentamientos prehispánicos, y cuya cabecera de contro político y económico posiblemente fue San Miguel El Viejo, ubicado muy cerca y al sur de lo que hoy es la ciudad de San Miguel de Allende.English:A ceremonial centre in the Laja river basinIn the Pre-Hispanic era Cañada de la Virgen was a ceremonial civic centre which reached the height of its development between 540 and 1050 CE, it has not been possible to determine what culture it belonged to. Materials from the Pacific and Gulf coastal regions as well as from the west and the basin of Mexico were found during excavations. Raised White ceramics and the orange tones characteristic of the Queretaro lowlands and Hidalgo valleys predominate among the abundant ceramics found here.Cañada de la Virgen was a religious centre in which gods and ancestors were worshipped and the stars studied, mainly the moon, the sun and venus. The calendars which governed ceremonial life were decided here, as well as those relating to nature: for agriculture, hunting and gathering.Cañada de la Virgen is surrounded by gorges,
located on a plateau which holds a pond that must have been strategic for foundation of the place as, with water and the various resources of this ecosystem - plateaus, gorges and valleys - the settlement had everything required: water, farm land, construction materials, wood, flora, fauna, and abundant gathering produce.The investigations and analyses carried out indicate that his ceremonial civic centre was linked to a greater organization which spread over approximately 60 Pre-Hispanic settlements. The governing centre, or political and administrative centre, may have been San Miguel El Viejo (Old San Miguel), situated just south of what is today known as the city of San Miguel de Allende.
Details
HM NumberHM1YGT
Tags
Placed ByConsejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, May 26th, 2017 at 6:09pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 299478 N 2307696
Decimal Degrees20.85856667, -100.92733333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 20° 51.514', W 100° 55.64'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds20° 51' 30.84" N, 100° 55' 38.4" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Guanajuato , MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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