The Battle of Monterey Pass

The Battle of Monterey Pass (HM1YB6)

Location: Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17214 Franklin County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 44.33', W 77° 28.133'

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The Battle Begins

At this location, Confederate Captain Robert Tanner deployed one Napoleon cannon to guard the eastern Summit of South Mountain.

At 9:00 p.m., the 5th Michigan Cavalry, leading the advance of union General Judson Kilpatrick's Cavalry Division, was fired upon by the Confederate cannon. Captain Tanner was supported by twenty-five cavalrymen of Captain George Emack's Company B, 1st Maryland Cavalry.

After five rounds of canister had been fired, Emack's men charged the 5th Michigan Cavalry and pushed them back past where the Claremont House once stood. After this brief engagement, Captain Emack ordered his men to fall back to the Monterey Inn.

Reorganizing, Kilpatrick ordered a squadron of the 18th Pennsylvania to dismount and advance on Tanner's artillery position. As the artillerists were repositioning the cannon, the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry came out of the woods and captured the empty limber.

Seeing that he might be out flanked, Captain withdrew his force from the Monterey Inn (Monterey Lane and Charmian Road intersection) and redeployed them along the banks of Red Run, near the road where the Confederate wagon train was moving on.

"After passing the Claremont, the rebels fired three or four shots with grape and canister, and then pulled up their battery and retreated. I
don't think they killed any of Kilpatrick's men with the battery, as they fired too soon and the grape and canister went over our men's heads; but it made some of our men retreat, and caused a great deal of confusion."

Charles Buhrman
HM NumberHM1YB6
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, May 16th, 2017 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 288444 N 4401685
Decimal Degrees39.73883333, -77.46888333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.33', W 77° 28.133'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 19.8" N, 77° 28' 7.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 14775 Charmian Rd, Blue Ridge Summit PA 17214, US
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