Cowles-Bond House

Cowles-Bond House (HM1Y5R)

Location: Macon, GA 31201 Bibb County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 50.516', W 83° 38.042'

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Inscription

Railroads, Planters and Widow Bond

—Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —

This impressive home was already more than a quarter century old when Union Major General James Harrison Wilson occupied it in 1865. It is a masterpiece of one of Macon's most notable early master-builders, Alexander Elam who designed this house for Jere Cowles. Constructed in 1836, it is a Greek Revival mansion of stucco covered brick with a colonnade of eighteen columns surrounding three sides of the structure. It is representative of Macon's private residences which played an important role during the war.

Cowles became known as the "irrepressible railroad man of the age." He was responsible for making Macon a railroad network hub linking both the Georgia and Gulf coasts with points east and west of the Appalachian Mountains.

Federal cavalry under the command of General Wilson captured Macon on April 20, 1865, and subsequently occupied the city. Wilson's original quarters were in the Lanier House, then a hotel located downtown on Mulberry Street. He soon sought more suitable lodging. The Widow Bond's house afforded a commanding view of Macon from its hilltop perch. When Wilson called upon Mrs. Bond to inform her she must vacate the house, she replied she would comply. Bond added that she would place her household valuables in a dining room closet and expected they would still be there when she was allowed
to return. According to her family, they were. Wilson stayed here until July 2, 1865, although the last of his occupying troops did not leave Macon until October.

During the decades after the war, the Sam Coleman family was among several others to own the house. In October 1887 their daughter Birdie Coleman hosted a party here in honor of Winnie Davis, the youngest daughter of former Confederate President Jefferson Davis, during the Davis family's final visit to Macon. The house became a private school in 1960. Later acquired by Mercer University, it was renamed the Woodruff House in honor of George W. Woodruff who provided for its restoration.

[Portrait captions]
Union Major General James H. Wilson
Henrietta Moughon Bond
Winnie Davis
Details
HM NumberHM1Y5R
Tags
Placed ByGeorgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, May 4th, 2017 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 253465 N 3636838
Decimal Degrees32.84193333, -83.63403333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 50.516', W 83° 38.042'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 50' 30.96" N, 83° 38' 2.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)478, 912
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 900-988 Bond St, Macon GA 31201, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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