Mountain Howitzers Historical

Mountain Howitzers Historical (HM1WX5)

Location: Alleghany, CA 95910 Sierra County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 33.54', W 120° 49.809'

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The Mountain Howitzer is a short barreled, large caliber cannon designed on such a small scale that the entire piece can be taken apart and carried on pack animals. Mountain Howitzers were mostly used on small skirmishes, scouting expeditions and cavalry raids. Serving with distinction in Civil War battles. Much used in the East, they were more important out West where there were fewer roads, rougher country, and few large cannons shooting back. They were devastating weapons when used against an opponent. They are designed to throw shells at a higher trajectory as compared to regular field guns, making them useful against enemies behind fortifications or concealed in rugged terrain.

The mobility of the Mountain Howitzer was its chief asset. The 220 pound cannon would be placed on one pack animal, the carriage towed by a second, and ammunition on a third. It was easily assembled and fired by a its battery of six men. They fired spherical shape shot, canister or grape shot, and the cannon was capable of lofting a 12 pounder its intended range of 1070 yards.

The cannon to the north was manufactured in 1863 at Ames Foundry Of Chicopee,
Massachusetts for the Civil War. At war's end it was sent West for use against hostilities. It was called into action in 1873 Modoc War when Captain Jack and the Modoc Indians resisted relocation to the Klamath Reservation, taking refuge in the Lava Beds. During this conflict General Canby was killed under a flag of truce. Captain Jack and three Modoc Warriors were hung at Fort Klamath.

The cannon to the south was manufactured in 1853 at Cyrus Alger & Company of Boston, Massachusetts. During the 1860 Paiute War, It was dispatched from Ft. Alcatraz to the skirmishes near Pyramid Lake where settlers were losing battles. Major Daniel E. Hungerford of Downieville's Sierra Guard commanded the Infantry Mountain Force with arms and ammunition from Downieville, Forest City and Goodyear Bar National Guard to engage the Indians thus ending the conflict.
HM NumberHM1WX5
Series This marker is part of the E Clampus Vitus series
Year Placed2013
Placed ByMajor William Downie Chapter 1849 E Clampus Vitus
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, February 17th, 2017 at 9:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10S E 686412 N 4381061
Decimal Degrees39.55900000, -120.83015000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 33.54', W 120° 49.809'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 33' 32.4000" N, 120° 49' 48.5400" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)530
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 303 Durgan Flat Way, Alleghany CA 95910, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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