Early Roads in Polk County Historical

Early Roads in Polk County Historical (HM1WC3)

Location: Livingston, TX 77351 Polk County
Country: United States of America

N 30° 38.102', W 95° 0.373'

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Travel was of great importance in Polk County's early days. Civilized Indians—particularly Creeks, Alabamas, Coushattas and Kickapoos—were numerous and had many trails for intercommunication. Long King's Trace (named for a chief) led from Alabama villages through site of present Livingston, past site of this marker. The Coushatta Trace began in Louisiana, wound through what is now Polk County, joining (more than 100 miles west) an ancient road into Mexico. The Alabama Trace branched off El Camino Real (The King's Highway) east of Nacogdoches and came to the site of present Alabama-Coushatta Reservation. Indians started many other local roads.

A Mexican-Indian trail became the Nacogdoches-Liberty Stagecoach Road, after white settlement began in the 1820s. Settlers brought in goods by Trinity River boats, establishing 20 landings (or wharves) on the 72 miles of Polk County riverfront. Roads led to the interior from the landings; boats handled shipping of county produce for many years.

Northeast of Livingston is the "Old Israel Road"—named for a religious colony whose buildings have disappeared. As with many of the Indians, memory of these people is preserved only in the road's name.
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HM NumberHM1WC3
Year Placed1970
Placed ByState Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, December 19th, 2016 at 9:02am PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 307729 N 3390871
Decimal Degrees30.63503333, -95.00621667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 38.102', W 95° 0.373'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 38' 6.12" N, 95° 0' 22.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)936, 832
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5008 FM 1988, Livingston TX 77351, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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