Charcoal Historical

Charcoal Historical (HM1WA2)

Location: Charlottesville, VA 22902 Albemarle County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 0.52', W 78° 27.27'

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Wood charcoal fueled the forges in the nailery on Mulberry Row and heated the stoves in the kitchen. Charcoal was stored under lock and key in wooden sheds that once stood here. Built about 1794, these "coal sheds" likely resembled temporary lean-tos and functioned as secure holding areas for fuel that could be easily transported to the nailery, smith's shop, or the main house. Additional sheds, each holding 8,000 bushels of charcoal, may have been built as fuel needs increased on Mulberry Row. The nail-making operation, for example, demanded large amounts of fuel; Jefferson calculated that, on average, 666 bushels of charcoal would be needed to make 172,480 nails in the nailery.

The Charcoal-Burners
In the spring of 1800, Frank, an enslaved charcoal-burner, produced most of the charcoal in "coal-kilns" on the mountaintop; he learned his trade from the German charcoal-burner Jacob Silknitter. David Hern, Lewis, and six hired slaves cut 200 cords of "coal wood" for Frank to use for charcoal production. Charcoal-burners like Frank earned a "half dime for every bushel to the cord of wood" that their kilns yielded. Jefferson used cash incentives to maximize the efficiency of work performed by Frank and other enslaved charcoal burners—James Hubbard, Cary, and David Hern. (Marker Number 11.)
HM NumberHM1WA2
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, December 14th, 2016 at 1:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 723479 N 4209834
Decimal Degrees38.00866667, -78.45450000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 0.52', W 78° 27.27'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 0' 31.2" N, 78° 27' 16.2" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 949 Monticello Loop, Charlottesville VA 22902, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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