Greer County, Texas Historical

Greer County, Texas Historical (HM1W6C)

Location: Shamrock, TX 79079 Wheeler County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 13.63', W 100° 2.202'

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(To the east, in present Oklahoma)

Created 1860; until 1896, one of largest counties in Texas. Organized at Old Mobeetie, northwest of here. In 1880s settlement was rapid; by 1892 nearly 2,500 pupils were in county's schools. A post office, jail and many houses were built, and over 60,000 cattle grazed the 3,480 square miles of the county's area.
But for a half-century (1846-1896) the United States and Texas waged a heated dispute over Greer County. Controversy had origin in an 1819 treaty fixing the line between United States and Spanish territory. A map designating the Red River and 100th meridian as boundary lines was part of treaty; but map aroused dispute, for it incorrectly marked 100th meridian and showed only one fork of two-forked Red River.
Texas claimed the North Fork and meridian shown on map defined territory, and legislation and occupancy by Texans decided sovereignty. United States contended South Fork (larger of the two) and true 100th meridian marked boundaries. Three joint survey commissions failed to settle the issue. The U.S. Supreme Court in 1896 ruled that the region was in 1819 part of the Union and thus, was actually part of Oklahoma.
Named for John A. Greer, Senator, Secretary of State, Republic of Texas; Lieutenant Governor, 1847-1853.
HM NumberHM1W6C
Year Placed1967
Placed ByState Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, December 8th, 2016 at 5:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 405659 N 3898727
Decimal Degrees35.22716667, -100.03670000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 13.63', W 100° 2.202'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 13' 37.8" N, 100° 2' 12.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)806
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near I-40, Shamrock TX 79079, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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