In 1860, Oscar Bullock and his wife, Catharine, lived in a modest two-and-one-half-story white frame house on this site. With them lived their two infant children and Catharine's 16-year-old brother, David Kyle (who would serve as a guide to Stonewall Jackson during the Battle of Chancellorsville). A family of five slaves lived in a house nearby. They worked for the Bullocks, tilling the fields, gathering crops, and tending the livestock.
The war brought devastation to the Bullocks - as it did most local civilians. During the Battle of Chancellorsville, Union soldiers tore down the house, destroying fencing, and stole livestock. They freed the Bullock's slaves and scarred their fields with earthworks and graves. Oscar Bullock died fighting for the Confederacy in 1864. He left behind a bereaved wife, fatherless children, and virtually no possessions.