British Forces Torch the Frontier
— War of 1812 —Timeline of Excursions 1814 November 5 American forces withdraw from Canadian territory. August-September American forces withstand British siege and repel British attempts to take back Fort Erie. July 25 American and British forces fight to a draw at Lundy's Lane July 5 General Winfield Scott leads the Americans to victory at Chippawa Creek. July 3 General Jacob Brown leads an American army and seizes Fort Erie. January 1 The British burn a handful of buildings still standing in Buffalo. 1813 December 30 British forces burn Black Rock and the village of Buffalo. December 19 Brtish forces capture Fort Niagara and burn Lewiston. December 10 Americans burn Newark. May 27 Americans capture Fort George. May 14 [sic] Americans forces retaliate by burning the mills at Dover, Upper Canada. 1812 October 9 American Naval Lieutenant Jesse Elliott, Dr. Cyrenius Chapin, and volunteers cross the Niagara to seize the Detroit and the Caledonia. British Take Control Several cross-border exchanges through 1812 and 1813 led to an all-out British assault on the raw, but thriving settlement of Buffalo. British forces burned the city [sic] to the ground, forcing the American military and civilians to evacuate the area, leaving the east side of the Niagara River a no man's land. [caption] British forces launch a major invasion from Fort Erie. Over 1,000 men, in two divisions, crossed the river quickly and silently. 1) December 10, 1813. American forces burn Newark and abandon Fort George. 2) December 19, 1813. British forces under Colonel John Murray capture Fort Niagara and burn Lewiston and Manchester (Niagara Falls). 3) Decemeber 30, 1813. British forces land at Black Rock, burn the village, then proceed south and burn the village of Buffalo. A handful of men including Dr. Cyrenius Chapin and Seth Grosvenor set up a cannon at Main and Niagara Streets and fired a couple shots toward the advancing British, but the cannon and all efforts at defense failed. Margaret St. John appealed to the British general for the protection he had promised to women and children. As a result, guards were stationed at her house and it survived the conflagration. The stone walls of the jail survived. The stone walls of the blacksmith shop survived. Map showing the early settlement of Buffalo drawn by Juba Storrs, and marked "Plan of Buffalo village as it is at this date, April, 1813." The City Burns Americans Become Refugees - As Buffalo burns, the citizens flee in all different directions, traveling as far east as Canadaigua to seek shelter. The seat of government and the newspaper, the Buffalo Gazette, set up at Harris Hill for the winter. The militia reforms eight miles to the east at Williamsville. Most of the citizens dare not return until the American army encamps in Buffalo the spring of 1814. Many head east along Buffalo Road (Route 5) toward Williamsville and Clarence. Many spend the winter in Batavia and Canadaigua. Others flee south toward Hamburg, Willink, Boston and Warsaw. 4) May 14, 1813 [sic]. American forces invade Canada, take Fort Erie, and destroy the village of Dover, including all of its mills. Action in the Niagara Frontier The tide turned in the summer of 1814 as American forces pushed back, retaking the east side villages and pursuing the British on Canada. The Americans could not hold the Canadian territory they briefly occupied and finally both sides re-trenched to their initial territories, the same boundary that persists to this day. Nations fought to defend their borders along the Great Lakes Seaway Trail. War of 1812. Look for more than two dozen War of 1812 Outdoor Storyteller Signs along the Great Lakes Seaway Trail. Seaway Trail, Inc., 401 West Main Street, Sackets Harbor, NY 13685, www.seawaytrail.com America's Byways. This project was funded in part by the Federal Highway Administration and administered by the New York State Byways Program of the New York State Department of Transportation and Seaway Trail, Inc.
|Series||This marker is part of the Great Lakes Seaway Trail National Scenic Byway series|
|Placed By||Seaway Trail, Inc|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Tuesday, March 1st, 2016 at 5:01pm PST -08:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17T E 673252 N 4750413|
|Decimal Degrees||42.88666667, -78.87835000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 42° 53.2', W 78° 52.701'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||42° 53' 12" N, 78° 52' 42.06" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 85-107 Niagara Square, Buffalo NY 14202, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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