Laurel Hill Plantation

Laurel Hill Plantation (HM1OYN)

Location: Hardeeville, SC 29927 Jasper County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 9.942', W 81° 6.916'

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Inscription
Framed by three massive live oak trees, this grassy knoll was a home site on Laurel Hill Plantation before the Civil War. Savannah National Wildlife Refuge includes portions of 13 former rice plantations. Ten including Laurel Hill, were located in South Carolina. Laurel Hill was nearly 400 acres in size and belongs to several owners during the years of rice cultivation in the Savannah area (1750-1860). The most prominent owner was Daniel Heyward (1810-1888). He was a nephew of Thomas Heyward Jr., a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and of Nathaniel Heyward, the greatest rice planter of his day, who once owned 10 South Carolina plantations and 2,000 slaves.

Laurel Hill is bordered by the Little Back River, which is a channel of the Savannah River. Rice was grown in fields that were flooded with fresh water from the river. In, 1825, the plantation had a house, rice mill, winnowing house, barns, and dwellings for 150 slaves. Facing three life oaks on this knoll, the two-story clapboard house probably was home for the plantation overseers. A rice mill operated by tidal power was once located on Little Back River. It was replaced by a steam-powered facility built near this location.

(caption)
The Laurel Hill steam-powered mill operated from 1833 until 1880. Later the mill was converted into a tavern, rumored to have been a hotbed of drunken and disorderly activity. The infamous Rice Mill Tavern was abandoned by 1934, when the Laurel Hill tract was added to the Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.
Details
HM NumberHM1OYN
Tags
Placed ByU.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 30th, 2015 at 1:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 489132 N 3558808
Decimal Degrees32.16570000, -81.11526667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 9.942', W 81° 6.916'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 9' 56.52" N, 81° 6' 54.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)843
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Laurel Hill Wildlife Dr, Hardeeville SC 29927, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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