Wisconsin's Oak Savanna

Wisconsin's Oak Savanna (HM1OQK)

Location: Menomonie, WI 54751 Dunn County
Country: United States of America

N 44° 54.423', W 91° 54.429'

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Inscription
The savanna was among the numerous types of plant communities found in pre-settlement Wisconsin. The environment of the savanna falls between that of forest and prairie. It can be described as having between one and twenty trees per acre. There are 4 plant communities in Wisconsin that exhibit the traits of a savanna: the oak opening or oak savanna, the scrub oak barren, the jack pine barren and the cedar glade. During pre-settlement times, the oak savanna was one of the most characteristic ecological communities in the state, covering 20% of the state's land area. The legendary fires that swept over the prairie created these unique areas. What you see in the demonstration area is a re-creation of an oak savanna. The bur oak, like the one before you, was the most common tree found in the oak savanna community. Its thick, corky bark allowed it to survive the fires when all else was burned to the ground. After settlement the fires were stopped, prairies were converted to cropland, and less fire resistant trees flourished in the oak savanna. The once open stretches of prairie dotted with oaks quickly became closed oak forests.
A Diverse Ecosystem
Grasses and wildflowers were characteristic of the oak savanna, creating a unique environment that was diverse in both plants and animals. Today existing remnants of savanna remain habitats for many species.
Original Oak Savanna
Before settlement there were 5.5 million acres of savanna in Wisconsin. Today less than .01% remain.
Details
HM NumberHM1OQK
Tags
Placed ByThe Wisconsin Departments of Transportation and Natural Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 21st, 2015 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15T E 586272 N 4973205
Decimal Degrees44.90705000, -91.90715000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 54.423', W 91° 54.429'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 54' 25.38" N, 91° 54' 25.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)715
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near I-94, Menomonie WI 54751, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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