The Medicinal Garden

The Medicinal Garden (HM1OPU)

Location: National Park, NJ 08063 Gloucester County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 52.161', W 75° 11.434'

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Inscription

Red Bank Battlefield

"Here was a pitiable sight. About 200 were laying on straw in two large rooms, some without arms or legs and others again with their limbs crushed like mush . . . . some floated in blood and told me that some had died for lack of something to bandage their wounds with. While I was there several men died in great agony and convulsions. . . "
Nicolas Collin, a Swedish minister from Swedesboro, 1777
Following the battle, the Whitall's home served as the field hospital for hundreds of injured Hessian soldiers. Surgeons were limited in how they could treat the injured. Amputation was common and infection expected. Doctors did not understand the importance of sanitation in surgery. Surgeons looked to nature to provide many of their treatments. This garden contains many examples of medicinal herbs available to physicians at the time. They used lamb's ear as bandages and willow bark to treat pain and fever. Ann Whitall actually refused to leave her home during the battle. While no historical documents exist, descendants of the Whitalls claim Ann treated the wounded and chastised them for their war-like ways.
Details
HM NumberHM1OPU
Tags
Year Placed2015
Placed ByNew Jersey Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 20th, 2015 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 483702 N 4413273
Decimal Degrees39.86935000, -75.19056667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 52.161', W 75° 11.434'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 52' 9.66" N, 75° 11' 26.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)856
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101 Hessian Ave, National Park NJ 08063, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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