Emigrants reached Scotts Bluff after a long journey across the plainsScotts Bluff, the dramatic series of clay and sandstone highlands surrounding you, is known chiefly as a landmark on the old Oregon Trail. Emigrants heading west encountered the bluffs after a six to eight-week trek across the monotonously flat grasslands.Through the 1840's, deep ravines near here forced early wagon trains to bypass this area. But in 1851 a wagon route was opened, and for more than a decade the Oregon Trail pioneers drove their teams and wagons through Mitchell Pass in front of you.This path leads to traces of the old Oregon Trail. Take a 15-minute walk through Mitchell Pass and follow in the tracks of pioneers, gold seekers, freighters, cavalry troops, soldiers, and Pony Express riders.Scotts Bluff made a lasting impression on thousands of overland travelers in the 1840's and 50's. Emigrants on the Oregon Trail approached the bluffs on this side of the North Platte River, while those on the Moron Trail viewed the bluffs from the opposite bank. The Forty-niners of the California Gold Rush also passed this way, but branched off west of the Rockies onto the California Trail.Emigrants bound for Oregon or California loaded possessions and provisions into small, canvas-covered wagons. Two to four yoke of oxen pulled the wagons, while the family walked alongside.Large Conestoga wagons drawn by 6-10 yoke of oxen hauled freight to military posts over this route during the 1850's and 60's.The replica wagons on display here seasonally are typical of those used on the Oregon Trail.
|Placed By||National Park Service|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Sunday, August 16th, 2015 at 1:01am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||13T E 607271 N 4631552|
|Decimal Degrees||41.82860000, -103.70820000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 41° 49.716', W 103° 42.492'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||41° 49' 42.96" N, 103° 42' 29.52" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Which side of the road?||Marker is on the right when traveling West|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near Old Oregon Trail, Gering NE 69341, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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